cover image: Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Disaster Recovery


Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Disaster Recovery

20 Apr 2020

It is often assumed that all members of a population experience the impact of disasters in the same way. In the pre-disaster context, women’s and girls’ unequal access to social, political, and economic resources influences their access to post-disaster assistance and compensation for damage and losses. While the post-disaster context presents a host of challenges for women, it is important to recognize that women are not just victims of disasters. The strength of post-disaster recovery lies with how well it responds to the needs of both women and men. This guidance note aims to provide action-oriented guidance to local and national government officials and key decision makers who face post-disaster challenges and to assist them in incorporating gender-responsive recovery and reconstruction efforts across all sectors through robust gender assessments that lead to concrete needs identification and gender-specific recovery strategies and frameworks. Implementation of such actions will facilitate both a more resilient, sustainable recovery, and advances in reducing gender inequality. The note addresses the different challenges that women face in post-disaster recovery and reconstruction caused by underlying issues of inequality and marginalization. The note provides guidance on how to turn a post-disaster situation into an opportunity to enhance gender equality and women’s empowerment, with a focus on building back better, as the aftermath of a disaster can present opportunities for new and more progressive gender roles and relationships to emerge. The guidance note is structured around three key areas: identifying and prioritizing gender-specific recovery needs; protecting women and men from physical and psychosocial harm; and planning for gender-responsive recovery in the disaster recovery framework and empowering women for sustainable and resilient recovery. The final section of the paper provides a long-term outlook on strengthening gender responsive recovery systems.
women's empowerment disaster recovery disaster risk reduction disaster risk management urban development gender-based violence internally displaced people anthropology female genital mutilation industry social development access to education code of conduct gender and development disaster management world resistance to change the world region health care services industry conflict and development hazard risk management flow of information social risk management culture and development standard operating procedure provision water provision of water women-headed households impact of disaster public work activities gender and human development gender and social development inclusion of women transportation,water, sanitation and waste management,public administration reproductive health service female-headed household recovery process integration of gender international human right local government official needs of woman opportunity for woman damage and loss assessment loss of livelihood challenges for woman united nations population fund informal economic activity social protection benefits promoting gender equality capacity of woman fundamental human right care for child access to property vulnerability of woman opportunity for governments international development community study on gender exclusion of woman law case protection of woman unequal power relation loss of education equal participation of woman community decision making mobile health services other water supply, sanitation and waste management,other public administration, food for work equal representation of woman equitable resource allocation male head of household men and child unequal distribution of power conference gender primary income earner care for orphan mental health provider


Robles,Cindy Patricia Quijada,Benavidez,Melody Joy

Disclosure Status
Doc Name
Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Disaster Recovery
Document Date
Originating Unit
Climate Change-D1-GFDRR-IBRD (GFDRR)
Published in
United States of America
Rel Proj ID
1W-Drf Guide Thematic Expansion -- P157586
Total Volume(s)
Unit Owning
Version Type
Volume No


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