Coherent Identifier About this item: 20.500.12592/qgbcj0

Does Gender Equality in Labor Participation Bring Real Equality? Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries

1 April 2021

Summary

Drawing on various macro- and micro-data sources, the authors present robust evidence of an inverted U-shaped relationship between female labor force participation and inequality. Overall, female labor force participation is found to have a strong and significant dis-equalizing impact in at least three groups of developing countries with relatively low initial levels of participation. A decile-level analysis shows that female labor force participation has higher levels of returns among top deciles compared with the lower deciles in the developing countries analyzed. This evidence focuses attention on the importance of developing policies specifically targeting women in lower deciles of the income distribution.

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developing countries gender equality poverty labor market inequality female labor force participation social protections and labor :: labor markets gender :: gender and economics poverty reduction :: inequality gender :: gender and development

Collection(s)
Policy Research Working Papers
Googlescholar linkpresent
yes
Identifier externaldocumentum
090224b08853e784_1_0
Identifier internaldocumentum
33022872
RelationisPartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9639
Report
WPS9639
UNIT
Poverty and Equity Global Practice
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/35518
citation
“Alfani, Federica; Clementi, Fabio; Fabiani, Michele; Molini, Vasco; Valentini, Enzo. 2021. Does Gender Equality in Labor Participation Bring Real Equality? Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries . Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9639. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/35518 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”
date disclosure
2021-04-26
Rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
Rights Holder
World Bank

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