26 May 2021
Occasional Paper The Article 370 Amendments on Jammu and Kashmir: Explaining the Global Silence Jahnavi Sodhi Abstract The amendment of Article 370 in August 2019, which effectively nullified the special status of Jammu and Kashmir, was a watershed moment in the history of the region that went largely uncontested by the international community. [...] First, should the government have revoked J&K’s special status? Second, was the manner of the changes legally and constitutionally justifiable? Third (and of the most significance to the international community), were the preventative steps taken by the Indian government for the sake of national security justifiable in a democratic country from a humanitarian and political perspective? For the gov. [...] Following the move, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) held a virtual meeting and issued a communique supporting the cause of the Kashmiris and asking India to withdraw its unilateral actions in the region.47 It also called on India to refrain from making demographic changes in the region and urged the use of a UN-sponsored plebiscite to determine the will of the people.48 However, the. [...] What has added to the overall fatigue is the international community’s reluctant acceptance of the BJP’s policies in India, since it has been observed that the current government does not respond positively to criticism, as also evident in the case of the CAA-NRC and the farm laws. [...] Since the constitutional changes were part of the manifesto based on which the BJP contested the 17 Explaining the International Response elections, the party’s re-election lent credibility to its actions in the eyes of most spectators in India and abroad.