18 May 2021
The topicality of the fundamental principles concerning the peaceful settlement of international disputes, as set out in the Manila Declaration of 1982 THE TOPICALITY OF THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES CONCERNING THE PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES, AS SET OUT IN THE MANILA DECLARATION OF 1982 Speech of H. [...] The Declaration was adopted on the basis of the work of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization. [...] The cornerstone principles of the Charter and the Manila Declaration the principles of the peaceful settlement of disputes, the prohibition of the use of force, and respect for territorial integrity provide an indispensable starting point for addressing this concern. [...] During the last decade of the twentieth century, globalization and the liberalization of the international economy, as well as the development of human rights, have changed the nature of international disputes. [...] This development is mainly a corollary of the development of regional economic communities (RECs), which has led to the establishment of the Andean Court of Justice, the NAFTA arbitration panels, the Mercosur Tribunal, the ECOWAS Court of Justice, the SADC Court of Justice and the East African Court of Justice, among others.