31 March 2021
THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE History and role of the Court The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. [...] The Peace Palace in The Hague, the seat of the Court It operates under a Statute largely similar to that of its predecessor, which is an integral part of the Charter of the United Nations. [...] The declarations of 74 States are at present in force, a number of them having been made subject to the exclusion of certain categories of dispute; if a State has not recognized the jurisdiction of the Court at the time when an application instituting proceedings is filed against it, that State has the possibility of accepting such jurisdiction subsequently to enable the Court to entertain the cas. [...] Since 1946 the Court has given 28 Advisory Opinions, concerning inter alia the accordance with international law of the unilateral declaration of independence in respect of Kosovo, legal consequences of the construction of a wall in the occupied Palestinian territory, admission to United Nations membership, reparation for injuries suffered in the service of the United Nations, territorial status o. [...] Application of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Ukraine v.