Coherent Identifier About this item: 20.500.12592/0gtwpg

5. State-Building in Somalia: Role of the Middle East and Horn of Africa Countries

19 November 2020

Summary

Post-1991 Political “Order” The beginning of the 1990s was a revolutionary, defining moment for the politics and development of the contemporary Horn of Africa.2 The end of the Cold War coincided with a time of major political destabilisation and fragmentation, including state reconfigurations and regime changes, as well as the emergence of entirely new regional and external relations in a context. [...] The second part examines the health and social impact of Covid-19 by focusing on three core aspects: the direct impact of the virus on mortality rates, the indirect impact of Covid-19 on other health conditions and the socio- economic consequences of the outbreak of coronavirus on the continent. [...] Moreover, discrepancies in the modality of implementation of Covid-19 containment strategies across the region might have contributed to variations in incidence and current prevalence.7 In May, Djibouti and Somalia were the countries reporting the sharpest-rising trend of cases in the region, with Djibouti recording the highest prevalence on the continent at the end of April.8 Given the extensive. [...] The Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) – the nucleus of the country’s ruling coalition until it was marginalised under the new leadership – rejected the decision of the House of Federation and went on to hold the vote in the Tigray regional state, where it is the sole party in power. [...] Positioned at the centre of the migration crossroads of the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia represents the point of origin, transit and destination for migratory flows within and beyond the region: to the Middle East via Djibouti and Yemen on the Eastern migration route; to South Africa via Kenya and other East Africa countries along the southern route; and to Europe through Libya and Sudan along the Nor.

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