3 June 2021
JUNE 2021 INTERNATIONAL TRANSPARENCY OF ACTION: ISSUES FOR COP 26 Jennifer Huang Center for Climate and Energy Solutions At COP24 in Katowice, Poland, the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA) adopted a detailed set of modalities, procedures, and guidelines (MPGs) to opera- tionalize the Paris Agreement’s enhanced transparency framework (ETF).. [...] The ETF consists of two reporting require- • a technical expert review of the BTRs, including ments and two review mechanisms.3 their NIR report and structured summary; and • a facilitative, multilateral consideration of progress THE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS (FMCP), which considers countries’ implementation The Paris Agreement requires Parties to submit a bien- and achievement of their NDCs and fina. [...] of review,” and that such flexibilities shall be reflected in 1 TRANSPARENCY OF ACTION: ISSUES FOR COP 26 the development of the MPGs which operationalize the The CTFs for the reporting of finance and support and ETF.4 draft outlines for the BTRs, NID, and technical expert At COP24, the CMA adopted a detailed set of MPGs review report have made relatively good progress and which establish the meth. [...] information useful to the understanding of the 2 Center for Climate and Energy Solutions JUNE 2021 national greenhouse gas inventory and are automati- • narrative descriptions in the national inventory cally generated by the CRF Reporter based on the document. [...] At COP25, citing the need for tion consistent with decisions adopted by the CMA on progress, the Chair scheduled some discussion on the reporting under Article 6.”25 Other Parties have inter- information to be provided on cooperative approaches at preted “without prejudice” to the Article 6 discussions to COP25, with the understanding that discussions would mean that the information is a “placehol.