A Strategic Concept for Countering Russian and Chinese Hybrid Threats
16 July 2020
A Strategic Concept for Countering Russian and Chinese Hybrid Threats Lauren Speranza Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security The Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security works to develop sustainable, nonpartisan strategies to address the most important security challenges facing the United States and the world. [...] The center honors General Brent Scowcroft’s legacy of service and embodies his ethos of nonpartisan commitment to the cause of security, support for US leadership in cooperation with allies and partners, and dedication to the mentorship of the next generation of leaders. [...] The recent coro- many ways, this paper refers to hybrid as an approach that navirus pandemic has highlighted the transatlantic com- blends conventional and unconventional, overt and covert, munity’s vulnerabilities to a range of hybrid issues—from kinetic and non-kinetic, and military and nonmilitary means manipulation of global supply chains to biowarfare to dis- to undermine a target and achieve. [...] economic coercion; and information operations.1 The paper that follows looks at these hybrid threats as they relate to transatlantic countries, including the United States and the “ At its heart, the paper offers five members and closest partners of NATO and the EU. [...] This diversi- weakening NATO and the EU, both of which the Kremlin fication of the threat environment requires a recalibration sees as a threat; subverting pro-Western governments of the transatlantic approach, based on an in-depth under- and institutions; promoting pro-Russia policies; expanding standing of the motivations behind, the nature of, and the Russia’s sphere of influence (geographicall.