18 June 2021
Philip is a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society, a Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries and an honorary member of the Society of Actu- aries of Poland. [...] Jacob is the host and nar- rator of the podcast Clear and Present Danger: A History of Free Speech and the author of a forthcoming book on the history of free speech from Socrates to Zuckerberg (Basic Books and Basic Books UK, 2022). [...] The simple quality of manhood is the solid basis of the right – and there let it rest forever.8 Douglass’s insistence on the intimate link between free speech and equality was taken up by a number of individ- uals and groups which fought the systematic discrimina- tion against African-Americans under ‘black codes’ and Jim Crow laws in the South after the abolition of slavery and 7 The Kansas–Nebra. [...] In fact, the systematic denial of free speech and inability to challenge white supremacy peacefully lay at the heart of the ultimate decision of the leadership of the African National Congress (ANC) to aim to achieve its goals by force. [...] With defamation of religion the OIC sought to fuse and expand the categories of blasphemy and hate speech by incorporating the former into the latter and then use this piece of legal creationism as the platform for a free-standing prohibition on blasphemy under international law.