1 December 2020
Notwithstanding the relevance of the security realm, however, some of the root causes of the Arab Springs pertain to the social and political spheres and remain to a large extent unaddressed in many countries of the region. [...] The following chapter will analyze the outcomes of Covid-19 in Algeria by illustrating the growing complexity of its interplay with the Algerian regime and the Hirak mass protest movement, which is believed to be the only real opposition.1 It will demonstrate the political impact of the pandemic on the political transition; then proceed with an exploration of the effect on the socio-economic situa. [...] After the government’s decree prohibiting the protest movement, nominally to prevent the spread of the pandemic, some key figures in the protest saw the move as a convenient attempt to restrict the demonstrations. [...] The com- pliance of the regime with several demands, such as the exclusion of Bouteflika and the imprisonment of some figures symbolic of the regime’s corruption (despite the arrest of some activists and leaders within the move- ment), has enabled the authorities to strengthen politi- cal stability, which it ultimately failed to do during the Black Decade. [...] However, the politics of the Muslim Brotherhood-dominated transition period resulted in societal fear of a perceived shift in the nature of Egypt’s identity and widespread discontent both about the nature of the party’s brand of leadership and the direction which it was felt the country was moving toward.