7 June 2021
Common Time Frames under the Paris Agreement Needed: Agreement on 5-year Implementation Periods at COP26 Summary: Agreement on Common Time Frames for NDCs is an unresolved element of the Paris Agreement Work Program, and is essential to the success of the Paris Agreement. [...] A 10-year time frame, or worse, a mix of 5 and 10 year targets (2035 and 2040 end points in the next round of NDCs) is not in line with the 5-year cycle set by the Paris Agreement and will not provide the flexibility needed to adapt to rapid changes in climate science and technological development. [...] But this could change with the desire by the UK COP 26 Presidency to unlock the stalemate, and new leadership on the issue, particularly by the EU. [...] The urgent need to strike an agreement by COP 26 The lack of agreement to align the implementation periods has already generated confusion in the first round of INDCs, with a mix of 2025 and 2030 end points, which required guidance in the Paris outcome to converge on 2030 end points with new or revised NDCs in 2020.1 The next round of NDC submissions following the 2023 first global stocktake may g. [...] The option of 5-year common time frames has clear advantages in the ambition cycle of the Paris Agreement: • The Paris Agreement calls for presentation of NDCs on a regular 5-year cycle, and it makes more sense to present a new 5-year target following a clear process than to revise an existing 10-year target as the EU had to do for its 2030 target; • An agreed 5-year period will provide more regul.