17 June 2021
political leaders of the Malays and non- Malays, the rulers and the rakyat (citizens) as well as the British and the Malayans on the shape of the nation’s document of destiny. [...] 24 MALAYSIA IS NOT A THEOCRATIC STATE The declaration in Article 4(1) of the supremacy of the constitution implies that Malaysia is not a theocratic state with supremacy of the Shariah.1 The constitution and not the Shariah is the supreme law of the land. [...] 34 SPECIAL POSITION OF MALAYS AND NATIVES OF SABAH AND SARAWAK In its formulation, Article 1533 is a fairly moderate provision that balances the special position of the Malays and the natives of Sabah and Sarawak with the legitimate interests of other communities. [...] the service of the Article 153 on the special position of Malays federation shall, and the natives of Sabah and Sarawak subject to the terms is hedged in by many limitations. [...] APPOINTMENT OF JUDICIAL COMMISSIONERS Prior to 1994, it was the law that judicial commissioners in the high court for Sabah and Sarawak shall be appointed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (governor of the state) on the advice of the chief justice of Sabah and Sarawak.