Acknowledgements & Disclosure
The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Banco de España, the Banque de France or the Eurosystem. We thank John Leahy for pushing us to pursue this question in Leahy (2016). We are indebted with Luca Dedola and Klaus Adam, our discussants at the Banque de France seminar and the 2021 Hydra conference for their useful comments. We are grateful to seminar participants at the ECB Prisma meeting (November 2020), the University of Wisconsin, the Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance, the Bank of Italy, the University of Michigan, the University of Bielefeld, the Imperial College, the University of Edinburgh, the Bank for International Settlements, the IMF, the Banque de France, the Banco de España, the 2021 CEBRA conference, the 2021 Minnesota Workshop in Macroeconomic Theory, the 2021 Hydra Conference. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. Fernando E. Alvarez I have visited, taught, or consulted for the following institutions, where I have received an honorarium and/or paid traveling/lodging expenses: EIEF, Rome, Italy. As research visitor. University Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires, Argentina, as a visiting professor. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, US. As consultant to the Research Department. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, US. As consultant to the Research Department. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, US. As consultant to the Research Department. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, US. As consultant to the Research Department. Banco Central de Chile, Santiago Chile. As a conference participant, and writer of a book chapter. European Central Bank, Frankfurt, Germany. As Duisenberg Fellow, as regular research visitor to the MPR division, and as a PRISMA visitor. Goldman Sachs Global Market Institute, US. As a fellow. Gerzensee’s Swiss Program for Doctoral Students, Switzerland. As a visiting professor. Toulouse School of Economics, Toulouse, France. As a research visitor. Cowles Foundation, Yale, US. As a research visitor. Morris and Morris LLC, and Weinstein, Kitchenoff and Asher LLC, as a consultant to and compute damages on litigation related for financial contracts, US. Bank of International Settlement, Basel, Switzerland. As a Lamfalussy senior research fellow.