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Redefining India’s role in Afghanistan

27 November 2021


The Third Regional Security Dialogue on Afghanistan, at the level of National Security Advisers (NSAs), was hosted by Delhi on 10 September 2021. An Iranian initiative, the first two meetings of this forum were held in Tehran in 2018 and 2019. NSAs from Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan responded positively to Indian NSA Ajit Doval‚Äôs invitation. There were two significant no-shows. Pakistani NSA Moeed Yusuf had publicly rejected the invitation, stating that ‚Äúa spoiler (India) can‚Äôt be a peacemaker‚ÄĚ while the Chinese authorities cited ‚Äúscheduling difficulties‚ÄĚ. Given the state of relations with Pakistan, the rejection was expected. Chinese absence suggests that China‚Äôs Afghanistan policy will continue to be guided and shaped by Pakistan. No one from Afghanistan was invited.


Rakesh Sood
Ambassador Rakesh Sood is a Distinguished Fellow at ORF. He has over 38 years of experience in the field of foreign affairs, economic diplomacy and international security issues.


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