Impact of climate change and variability on food security in the Asia-Pacific region
6 June 2022
Projected losses of 10, 9 and 15 per cent, respectively (figure 3) may lead to 3, 2 and 1 per cent reductions in global rice 130 Impact of climate change and variability on food security in the Asia-Pacific region production, warranting the development of policies and plans to address the situation. [...] Comprehensive coverage of the entire Asia-Pacific region and the discernment of the relative merits of investment across the full spectrum of geographies, agricultural production and potential adaptation and mitigation strategies is beyond the scope of the present paper and is a worthy topic for further investigation. [...] AGRICULTURE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION The present section highlights selected Sustainable Development Goals and policy measures of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change for the agriculture sector in addressing food security issues relevant to climate change and endorses the bottom-up approach of climate-smart agriculture as a practical means. [...] However, there is also a dominance of small-holder farmers in the agriculture sector of many countries within the Asia-Pacific region, who are often unable to afford the costs, lack adequate access to capital, have varying levels of education and access to the support of national extension services, research and development infrastructure to engender and sustain the adoption of better technologica. [...] It is designed to increase productivity and income through enhancing the ability of communities to adapt to climate change and weather extremes, and decreasing GHG emissions (Steenwerth and others, 2014). Huda and others (2012) highlighted how an understanding of the impact of climate change on key crops could enable Asia-Pacific farmers (in India, China and Australia), community workers and poli.