24 May 2022
The statements made and views expressed in this paper are solely the responsibility of the author and do not represent the views of the Wilson Center or the Carnegie Corporation of New York. [...] The Edible among the Afar-Esa, the Aborge among the Afar-Amahara, the Mangima among the Gumuz, and other ethnic groups within the region are but a few of them. [...] The Abo Gerebs from the Tigray side are nominated by the Afars, and the Abo Gerebs from the Afar side are nominated by the Tigrayans. [...] Contrary to the ordinary understanding of criminal laws, a clan or a district can be responsible for instigating a conflict based on the rule of the Gereb.11 Compensation is paid not only by the perpetrator but also by the family, the tribe, or community of the perpetrator. [...] Key to the success of the Gereb was the pursuit of peace through the community’s own notion of justice, which prioritizes forgiveness by the victims, ownership of guilt, and recognition of pain by perpetrators and the community.