Coherent Identifier About this item: 20.500.12592/8b0774

LIBYA - STABILITY FUELS REBOUND IN HUMAN SMUGGLING - Rupert Horsley | Jessica Gerken

13 July 2022

Summary

The background to this is the failure of the post-revolutionary transition and the outbreak of civil war in Libya in 2014, which led to the fragmentation of the country into territorial fiefdoms. [...] The increase in the number of boats carrying more than 200 passengers, from one or two in the summers of 2019 and 2020 to 15 in the summer of 2021, is not on its own proof of the return of larger, more sophisticated smuggling networks and an overall easing of conditions on the coast. [...] Tebu smugglers in the Cyrenaica, Tebu armed groups in the Fezzan and Magarha smugglers During 2021, a series of interlinking relations between ethnic-based smuggling networks and armed groups led to changes in human-smuggling routes from the south of the Cyrenaica to the south of the Fezzan and onwards to the west coast. [...] In the context of this monitoring project, the most salient area of expansion by the Awlad Buhmeira network relates to the operations of the Zawiya Refinery Coast Guard and its commander Abd al-Rahman Milad (al-Bija), who is a member of the Awlad Buhmeira tribe and closely linked to the Busribas. [...] Rida Issa, the commander of the LCG, visited the academy alongside Milad at the end of August;29 while in October, the Chief of General Staff Mohammed al-Haddad formally visited the academy.30 This conferred a huge amount of legitimacy on Milad and served to rehabilitate his reputation within the context of the western Libyan state.

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