14 August 2022
This strategic competition has been the highlight of the 2022 Japan’s Defence White Paper, which included China’s aggressive behaviour and Russia's invasion of Ukraine.1 The key focus areas of Japan’s defence paper are ‘China’s rise and its military intelligentization’, ‘Russia’s aggression against Ukraine’, ‘Deterrence’, ‘Space domain cooperation’, and the 'Creation of a free and open Indo-Pacifi. [...] while deepening its cooperation with the US and JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency).2 One of the vital key tenets for Japan’s defence security is the vitality of the Indo-Pacific region, as major sea lanes of communication pass through this region. [...] Japan was the first country to come up with the vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific (FOIP), which aims at ensuring peace and stability in the entire region while maintaining the rules-based order. [...] The defence spending is aimed to increase over the next five years to an amount equal to 2 per cent of the GDP which is a target sought by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).5 In addition to Japan’s concern over the Ukraine crisis, the white paper also raised issues regarding China’s assertiveness and the likelihood of military tensions between China and Taiwan. [...] The stability of the situation in Taiwan is vital for Japan’s security as well as the stability of the international community.