Coherent Identifier About this item: 20.500.12592/kqp63f

The Afghanistan Refugee Crisis: Implications for Pakistan and Iran

8 September 2022

Summary

This presence soon instigated the US and its allies to project the invasion as a threat to the stability of the region and they offered financial and military support to the Afghan fighters, the Mujahideen, to help remove the Soviets from the country. [...] However the attempt failed in 1992, with the ongoing conflicts between the Mujahideen, mainly the Hizb-e-Islami, Jamiat-e-Islami, and Hizb-e-Wahdat, destabilising the region of Kabul.21 The Government of Pakistan also played covertly into the situation by fuelling the conflict through the supply of arms and money. [...] In the case of Afghan refugees in Iran, factors such as the acculturation of the refugees to an Iranian lifestyle, with many of the benefits of an advanced modern society, and the complexity of political, ethnic, tribal, and sectarian adherence in Afghanistan have made the repatriation process redundant. [...] Secondly, it is important to note that the limitation in the definition of refugees by the UNHCR and other state bodies has been creating issues for the legality of the rights of the Afghan refugees and their existence in the host country, mainly due to the differences in approach. [...] In view of the complexity of the crisis and the challenge to the stability of the region, an international conference in Geneva in May 2012 brought 39.

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