Coherent Identifier About this item: 20.500.12592/6jb5wh


8 September 2022


So, nuclear safety involves designing, construction and operating of nuclear facilities to protect against the accidental release of radioactive material to the workers, the public or the environment. [...] However, during the 1960s and 1970s, nuclear security issues were first taken up from the perspective of the physical protection of nuclear material as, during the same period, there was a sharp rise in nuclear reactors transfers and nuclear energy production the world over. [...] The “Atoms for Peace” speech to the UN General Assembly in December 1953 led to the creation of the IAEA in 1957 whose primary duty is to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and implementing of safeguards. [...] The G8 Initiative on Nuclear Energy Infrastructure recognised “the need to establish common understanding that implementation of non-proliferation/safeguards, safety and security (3S) is indispensible for the use of nuclear energy.”36 Against this background, the G8 Initiative, aimed at raising awareness of the importance of 3S worldwide and assisting the countries concerned in developing the 3S,. [...] The summit also urged for universal adherence and support to multilateral instruments like the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM), International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT), Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT), and Global Partnership against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction.39 Moreover, the leader of the.