Population & Societies - An overview of Türkiye’s population on the 100th anniversary
14 February 2023
Population and age structure The first census of the modern Republic in 1927 reflected the situation of the population after the War of Independence (in Population in millions 1922), with high fertility and mortality rates, and a shortage 110 Census/registration Projections of young men. [...] The population growth rate, 9.5% of the population now above the age of 65, population which peaked in the 1950s at 2.8% per year, had declined to ageing has recently been mentioned as a concern in several 1.3% by 2021.(1) Under the main scenario of the official popu- official policy documents. [...] The economic constraints of this era took The Population Planning law of 1965 legalized all types of their toll on the population in the form of poverty and food contraception (excluding sterilization) and allowed abortions scarcity. [...] TURKSTAT In 2012,(3) 77% of the Turkish population lived in urban areas, reports that the annual flow of Turkish nationals emigrating compared with just 24% in the early 20th century according from Türkiye increased from 69,000 in 2016 to 84,000 in 2019.(5) to the first census in 1927. [...] Abstract As the largest refugee-hosting country in the world, the The Republic of Türkiye will celebrate its 100th anniver- economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and high sary in October 2023.