Hauge - Collective Reintegration Social and Political Advantages for Female Ex-Combatants, GPS Policy Brief 3-
14 March 2023
The research ques- land was bought in Chimaltenango for the con- Front (EPLF), and the African National tion in this study focuses on whether and how struction of houses for another group of URNG Congress (ANC) in South Africa (Barth, 2002; the type of reintegration – namely, collective ex-combatants (Hauge, 2008). [...] There, the ex-combatants In Colombia and Nepal, several female com- case were divided into two groups: a) Those who were initially gathered in seven main and 21 batants achieved high ranks, and in Colombia, had reintegrated into a collective/cooperative; satellite cantonments in different parts of the Guatemala and Nepal the female combatants and b) those who had reintegrated individually country,. [...] The 28 cantonments were formally closed gender relations, with macho attitudes prevalent between the government and the armed group in 2012, but about 20 of them still have ex-com- and with high levels of violence against wom- PLA in Nepal in November 2006 and the peace batants living around or close to them. [...] Although the IDDRS recognizes the by the UN, peace facilitators and mediators, to erty, Stigma and Alienation: Reintegration Challenges of importance of collective identity among armed make collective reintegration a visible and feasi- Ex-Maoist Combatants in Nepal. [...] to the UN standards, community-based rein- tegration “provides greater inclusion of all ac- • In its chapter on reintegration, the IDDRS United Nations Security Council (UNSC) (2017) tors through the involvement of family mem- should mention collective reintegration Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations bers and communities of return in addition to explicitly and present it as a po.