Water Control, Impacts and Sub-Regional Cooperation Around a Transboundary Hydrological System - The Case of the Kayanga/Geba Catchment Area: (Guinea,
7 August 2023
At the end of the 1960s and the beginning of the 1970s, recurrent dry spells and climate change severely impacted agricultural production in the Kayanga/Geba basin, where the essential part of the population’s income traditionally comes from rainfed crops in the uplands and rice cultivation in the lowlands, in addition to the livestock. [...] Already in 1993 , before the put-in water of the Niandouba dam-reservoir in 1997, the French Society of Studies and Consultancy (SOFRECO in French), in the study of the Master Plan for the integrated management and development of the Kayanga/Geba and Koliba/Corubal river basins, pointed out that the river behaves like a lake downstream from the Sonaco Downstream station. [...] 14 of the Conference of Heads of State), the territory covered by the OMVG was extended to the south to include the catchment areas of the Kayanga/Geba and the Koliba/Corubal, two rivers that have a common embouchure in Guinea-Bissau. [...] The specific objectives are the development of agriculture (fight against poverty in a context of sustainable development), the production of hydroelectric energy (potential energy to be developed estimated between 230 and 250 MW), the protection of the environment, the control of salinity in areas influenced by the tide, the improvement of existing waterways, the settlement of populations and the. [...] The objective is to contribute to the improvement of the living conditions of the riparian populations and to the socio-economic development of the countries of the basin, in particular by: (i) improving knowledge of the resources and the rate of satisfaction of the demand for water for various uses; (ii) setting up a consultation platform for the harmonious management of water resources; (iii) bu.