RIS Discussion Paper Series - Traditional Medicine in SAARC: A Regional Cooperation Framework
11 August 2023
2 1.2 Review of Literature and Data Sources Literature on the status and prospects of regional cooperation in healthcare in SAARC has often highlighted the issues of affordability and accessibility in the region. [...] Siddha is recognised in Sri Lanka and India, and Sowa Rigpa is recognised in Bhutan and India.2 A few other systems of medicine indigenous to the specific country include the Deshiya Chikitsa of Sri Lanka and the Dhivehi Beys of Maldives. [...] The Ayurveda pharmacopoeia of India, the Unani pharmacopoeia of India and the Siddha pharmacopoeia of India are used for standards reference and are legally binding16. [...] It may be noted that mutual reference to established Pharmacopoeias as in the case of Sri Lanka and Nepal’s use of Indian pharmacopoeia highlights the complementarities in the systems and prospects of cooperation in the same. [...] Given that TM pharmacopoeias specially those of Ayurveda, Siddha and Sowa Rigpa are embedded within the historical practice of the region, a harmonised pharmacopoeia will reflect the development of the systems and processes for the region.