THE EVOLUTION OF TURKİYE’S AMBITIONS IN THE
27 July 2023
Therefore, the current regional dynamics, from the war in the Black Sea, to the normalization processes in the MENA and the pending energy issues in the Mediterranean, prompt due reflection on the current and future role of Ankara within the West and European architecture, also concerning Italy’s interest. [...] The Abraham accords; the change in the US administration in 2020; the Al-Ula agreement ending the 2017 Gulf crisis; the economic impact of Covid19, the outbreak of the war in Ukraine and the two earthquakes hitting southeastern Türkiye are among the many factors that have changed Ankara’s foreign policy approach by facilitating the rapprochement with neighboring countries. [...] At the beginning of June, the two governments ratified the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement, with the goal of increasing bilateral non-oil trade to exceed $40 billion annually over the next five years.31 The al Ula Accords as well as the full re-engagement between Türkiye and the UAE also paved the way to easing relations between Ankara and Riyad, heavily worsened after the murder of S. [...] Indeed, despite the rehabilitation of Syria in the Arab League and the recognition of Syrian territory sovereignty, the presence of Türkiye and the United States in the North and Northeast of the country make normalization process a slipper terrain, also for the much-debated issue of the voluntary returns. [...] The knot to untie is the nature of the future relationship between Türkiye and the European Union in the light of the military and technical support granted to Ukraine, above all through the supply of Turkish drones.