Observer Research Foundation


Observer Research Foundation

Type NGO
Year founded 1990
Headquarters New Dehli India India
Functions Research
Tags environment energy economics governance social policy defense and security sustainability and sustainable development
Summary ORF began its journey in 1990 at the juncture of ideation tempered by pragmatism. During the period of India’s transition to a new engagement with the international economic order, several challenges emerged, evoking a need for an independent forum that could critically examine the problems facing the country and help develop coherent policy responses. ORF was thus formed, and brought together, for the first time, leading Indian economists and policymakers to present the agenda for India’s economic reforms.


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Proposing a new governance structure for Delhi

ORF · 1 April 2021

The passage of the Government of National Capital Territory (GNCT) Bill sets the stage for a new cycle of confrontation between the Centre and the Delhi government. The new law …

Locating the Madrasa in 21st-Century India

ORF · 1 April 2021 English

In the aftermath of the 9/11 terror attacks in the United States (US) in 2001, researchers, analysts, and policymakers trained their eyes on madrasas. [a] Their initial investigations at the …

Indian and European engagement patterns in Sub-Saharan Africa

ORF · 1 April 2021

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has heralded an increasingly fragmented world that is fuelling protectionism and playing into nationalist narratives. While India is trying to cope with the rising …

China’s retail nationalism

ORF · 31 March 2021

The long-running self-destructive streak in the People’s Republic of China seems to be manifesting itself again these days. This time in the conduct of its foreign policy. The latest is …

Maritime Opportunities Await the India-Japan-France Trilateral

ORF · 31 March 2021 English

The Indo-Pacific, often regarded as the ‘maritime underbelly’ of Asia, has emerged as the world’s economic “centre of gravity”. The home of vast geo-economic opportunities, and facing manifold security challenges …

A New Partnership for the Digital 21st Century: Japan, India and France

ORF · 31 March 2021 English

Global powers like the United States and China have spared little effort in attempting to shape the digital age in their image. At the same time, other powers like Japan …

Colaba Conversation Rapporteurs’ Report

ORF · 30 March 2021 English

On 2 February 2021, Observer Research Foundation (ORF), in collaboration with the Government of Maharashtra, launched ‘Colaba Conversation’—Mumbai’s signature forum for discussing international policy issues affecting the city, the nation, …

The West Wanes, China Grows: What’s at Stake for the Liberal Order?

ORF · 30 March 2021 English

In less than four decades the People’s Republic of China, embracing landmark market reforms, lifted more than 800 million of its people out of poverty and became the second largest …

India’s Space Cooperation With the US – and the Quad – Intensifies

ORF · 30 March 2021

As the United States and India get closer, they appear to be taking their space cooperation to a higher orbit. India is also increasing its collaboration in space with the …

Hedging American risks in Afghanistan

ORF · 30 March 2021

With the May 1 deadline for an expected United States (US) military withdrawal from Afghanistan a little less than a month away, multiple avenues of diplomacy have been launched as …

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