Abbreviations

An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a word or phrase, by any method. It may consist of a group of letters, or words taken from the full version of the word or phrase; for example, the word abbreviation can itself be represented by the abbreviation abbr., abbrv., or abbrev.; NPO, for nil (or nothing) per (by) os (mouth) is an abbreviated medical instruction. It may also consist of initials only, a mixture of initials and words, or words or letters representing words in another language (for example, e.g., i.e. or RSVP). Some types of …

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How Could Trade Policy Better Address Food System Shocks?

IISD · 1 April 2021 English

This report examines how trade policy can help governments anticipate and respond to food system shocks while avoiding harm to producers and consumers in other countries. It also makes the …

Policy Better Address Food System Shocks? Abbreviations and Acronyms AMIS Agricultural Market Information


The Making of the Kurdish Frontier: Power, Conflict, and Governance in the …

CEIP · 30 March 2021 English

The Iraqi-Syrian border continues to be geopolitically restless. Kurdish parties have taken advantage of central government weaknesses to increase their autonomy in these areas.

government’s official policies. CONTENTS Abbreviations i Methodology 1 Summary 2 Introduction 3 Authors 27 Acknowledgments 27 Notes 28 Abbreviations ISF Iraqi Security Forces KCK Kurdistan Communities


Rural Roads Improvement Project III: Integrated Environmental and Social Safeguards Monitoring Report …

ADB · 30 March 2021 English

Environmental and social monitoring reports provide the status of environmental or social issues or mitigation measures related to project implementation. This document dated March 2021 is provided for the ADB …

........................... 4 ABBREVIATIONS ADB Asian Development Bank CEMP Contractor’s


First appraisal of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement by Policy Department …

EPRS · 30 March 2021 English

“Agreements concluded by the Union are binding upon the institutions of the Union and on its Member States.” (Article 216(2) TFEU). According to the Case-law of the Court of Justice …

Agreement 3 PE 662.902 CONTENTS LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 4 1. INTERNATIONAL LAW TAKES PRECEDENCE OVER Life Policies PE662.902 4 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ACER Agency for the Cooperation of Energy


Decoding Climate Mitigation Modeling Studies

WRI · 30 March 2021 English

This issue brief provides guidance to nonexperts on what to look for in reading and evaluating studies that model climate mitigation and determine if the studies are transparent about the …

Modeling Studies (for Modelers) 18 Abbreviations 19 Endnotes 19 References 20 Acknowledgments measures to increase modeling transparency ABBREVIATIONS CCS carbon capture and storage CO2 carbon


Strengthening Health Security Program (Subprogram 1): Report and Recommendation of the President

ADB · 29 March 2021 English

The report and recommendation of the President to the Board of Directors (RRP) document describes the terms and conditions of a project for consideration and approval by ADB's Board of …

EQUIVALENTS (as of 1 March 2021) ABBREVIATIONS ADB – Asian Development Bank APVAX –


Clean Energy and Network Efficiency Improvement Project: Completion Report

ADB · 29 March 2021 English

Project or program completion reports evaluate design, implementation and performance of a project or program, and provide an overall assessment and recommendations. This document dated March 2021 is provided for …

005666 $1.00 = SLRs131.95 SLRs175.50 ABBREVIATIONS ADB – Asian Development Bank APFS – audited


Ha Noi Metro Rail System Project (Line 3: Nhon–Ha Noi Station Section): …

ADB · 29 March 2021 English

Social monitoring reports provide the status of social issues or mitigation measures related to project implementation. This document dated March 2021 is provided for the ADB project 40080-013 in Viet …

monitoring – 1st haft, 2020 Pages 3 / 79 ABBREVIATIONS ADB - Asian Development Bank AFD - Agence


Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU industries

EPRS · 29 March 2021 English

The COVID-19 crisis has had a substantial impact on the EU27 economy and triggered unprecedented policy responses across Europe and the globe. With evidence on the effects on the EU …

industries 3 PE 662.903 CONTENTS LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 5 LIST OF BOXES 7 LIST OF FIGURES 7 LIST on EU industries 5 PE 662.903 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ACEA European Automobile Manufacturers' Association


Balakot Hydropower Development Project: Procurement Plan

ADB · 29 March 2021 English

Procurement plans describe and update the procurement of major goods, works and consulting services either ongoing or expected to take place related to a project or program. This document dated …

Project Administration Manual ABBREVIATIONS ADB AIIB APFS EIA EMP EPC EPD FMA


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