Abstracting

An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding, or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose. When used, an abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript or typescript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given academic paper or patent application. Abstracting and indexing services for various academic disciplines are aimed at compiling a body of literature for that particular subject. The terms précis or synopsis are used in some publications to refer to the same thing that other publications …

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Publications

Dry Bulk Shipping and the Evolution of Maritime Transport Costs, 1850-2020

NBER · 25 March 2021 English

We provide evidence on the dynamic effects of fuel price shocks, shipping demand shocks, and shipping supply shocks on real dry bulk freight rates in the long run. We first …

nearly tripling on a year-to-year basis. Abstracting away from this long-run trend and its potential


Sweden : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

IMF · 25 March 2021 English

Sweden entered the pandemic with substantial buffers and suffered a relatively shallow recession in 2020. The decline in output was moderated by substantial income and liquidity support as well as …

deficit of about 4 percent of GDP in 2020. Abstracting from automatic stabilizers, discretionary and


Financial and Total Wealth Inequality with Declining Interest Rates

NBER · 25 March 2021 English

Financial wealth inequality and long-term real interest rates track each other closely over the post-war period. Faced with lower returns on financial wealth, households with high levels of financial wealth …

off than they were prior to the rate shock. Abstracting from incentive effects–which may well be very


The Political Economy of Inclusive Growth: A Review

IMF · 19 March 2021 English

In this paper, we review the role of the political economy in inclusive growth. We find that political economy forces on the demand and supply side have weakened redistribution over …

countries, the differences appear trivial. Abstracting from differences in spending ability, which are


SVARs With Occasionally-Binding Constraints

NBER · 18 March 2021 English

We develop a structural VAR in which an occasionally-binding constraint generates censoring of one of the dependent variables. Once the censoring mechanism is triggered, we allow some of the coefficients …

Chopin, Jacob, and Papaspiliopoulos (2013). Abstracting from the nonlinearities generated by the censoring


Migration and Redistribution: Federal Governance of an Economic Union Matters

NBER · 12 March 2021 English

Both the U.S. and the EU are an economic union: There is a single market for goods, capital, finance, and labor. That is, there is free mobility of goods and …

and U.S. economies, as they are very stylized, abstracting from many important features that are similar


Trade and Inclusive Growth

IMF · 12 March 2021 English

This paper surveys the literature on the relationship between international trade and inclusive growth. It examines claims that the rise in inequality in many countries can be attributed to the …

reallocation of workers to the growing domestic sector, abstracting from transitional or structural unemployment


Lotus Wind Power Project: Lien Lap Wind Farm Environment and Social Compliance …

ADB · 11 March 2021 English

Environment and social compliance audit reports describe project compliance with environmental and social safeguards requirements and include information on consultations and participation of affected people, as well as conclusions and …

As per onsite observation, the Project is abstracting groundwater for subcontractors’ worker accommodations


Lotus Wind Power Project: Phong Nguyen Wind Farm Environment and Social Compliance …

ADB · 10 March 2021 English

Environment and social compliance audit reports describe project compliance with environmental and social safeguards requirements and include information on consultations and participation of affected people, as well as conclusions and …

Consumption: According to the EIA the Project plans abstracting groundwater sources (i.e. approximately 12


Lotus Wind Power Project: Phong Huy Wind Farm Environment and Social Compliance …

ADB · 10 March 2021 English

Environment and social compliance audit reports describe project compliance with environmental and social safeguards requirements and include information on consultations and participation of affected people, as well as conclusions and …

According to the EIA, the Project plans abstracting groundwater sources (i.e. approximately 12


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