Act of State

The act-of-state doctrine or foreign act of state doctrine is a principle in English and United States law which states that every sovereign state is bound to respect the independence of every other sovereign state, and the courts will not sit in judgment of another government's acts or act of any sovereign national done within its own territory.The doctrine is not required by international law (neither customary international law nor treaty law), but it is a principle recognized and adhered to by United States federal and state courts. In the United States, the rationales for the doctrine include respect for …

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Publications

MP-IDSA: Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses · 22 November 2022 English

The spokesperson said that Pakistan remains committed to the The president of ‘Azad Jammu and safety and security of Chinese workers, Kashmir’ (AJK), Sultan Mahmood projects, and institutions in the …

Indian military actions in ‘IOJK’ are an open act of ‘state terrorism’ in which http://jammukashmirtimes


MP-IDSA: Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses · 22 November 2022 English

The spokesperson said that Pakistan remains committed to the The president of ‘Azad Jammu and safety and security of Chinese workers, Kashmir’ (AJK), Sultan Mahmood projects, and institutions in the …

Indian military actions in ‘IOJK’ are an open act of ‘state terrorism’ in which http://jammukashmirtimes


SWP: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik · 27 June 2022 English

personalization of politics, the concentration While illiberal democracies are comprised of power and the dismantling of institutional of democratic elements, such as elections, checks and balances, as well as the …

in order to destabilize the EU” and even an act of “state terrorisms”.123 Leading EU representatives adopted


Freedom House · 1 June 2022 English

of the central government of the Russian Federation took the decision to liquidate…Khangoshvili in Berlin.” 2 Even before the The German government demonstrates high levels of verdict was rendered, suspicions …

on the rights guaranteed by the German as an act of state-sponsored terrorism.10 A previous version of


Cato Institute · 19 May 2022

deterrence failed. World War I provides the most dramatic modern example. Serbia committed an act of state terrorism against the Austro‐​Hungarian Empire. When the latter threatened Belgrade, Imperial


Eurojust: European Union's Judicial Cooperation Unit · 3 January 2022 English

As can be seen from the operative part of the judgment, the Federal Public Prosecutor’s appeal is partially successful in seeking to have the defendant also found guilty of the …

the ‘Nuremberg Principles’, found that the ‘Act of State’ doctrine did not prevent criminal responsibility immunity of foreign officials (cf., regarding the ‘act of state doctrine’, Federal Constitutional Court, decision


IAI: Istituto Affari Internazionali · 22 November 2021 English

The main danger was the spread of the crisis to Kosovo and Western Macedonia, two areas bordering on Albania where the tensions between the ethnic Albanians, who represented the large …

the international obligation with which the act of state is not in conformity arises ·out of a peremptory


IAI: Istituto Affari Internazionali · 19 November 2021 English

I I I I I I I 2 I ! 11 M mbar of International Editorial Board of International I I Peaceke~ping <' ndon: Frank Cass) co•aditor of The Oxford …

of the court to decide (something similar to "act of State doctrine"). If we take the elements such as


IAI: Istituto Affari Internazionali · 4 November 2021 English

an obligation to manage its· domestic policies with the needs of the rest of the world in mind. [...] '· -7-' acknowledged the connection between its own interest and the …

like this: "The,English Reformation was· an act of state". Discuss. Good students would of course hasten System, like the English Reforrr.ation, was an "act of state", an act that is of high politics conceived institut:i.onalquestion. The EMS was not only an act of state, it was also to a remarkable extent the act


AALCO: Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization · 12 October 2021 English

The Delegate of the Islamic Republic of Iran firstly appreciated the work of AALCO and the Rapporteur of the OEWG on Cyberspace on the topic, and especially for preparation of …

a group of persons shall be considered as an act of State under international law if the person or group


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