Air Transport

An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight. Airlines utilize aircraft to supply these services and may form partnerships or alliances with other airlines for codeshare agreements, in which they both offer and operate the same flight. Generally, airline companies are recognized with an air operating certificate or license issued by a governmental aviation body. Airlines may be scheduled or charter operators. The first airline was the German airship company DELAG, founded on 16 November 1909. The four oldest non-airship airlines that still exist are the Netherlands' KLM (1919), Colombia's Avianca (1919), Australia's …

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Research for REGI Committee -ISLANDS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION: State of play …

EPRS · 31 March 2021 English

This paper explores the specificities of islands of the European Union (including Outermost Regions), as well as their challenges and existing means of development. It aims to provide a basis …

conditionalities, such as the dependence on maritime and air transport. Most insular territories still need to


Elite Status: Global Inequalities in Flying

Possible · 31 March 2021

From our analysis, we have provided regional estimates that give some indication of how far air travel is concentrated amongst particular groups. Humpe (2020) suggest that, globally, prior to Covid-19), those who fly most often (comprising, at most, 1% of the world's population), accounted for more than half of the passenger emissions generated by air


First appraisal of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement by Policy Department …

EPRS · 30 March 2021 English

“Agreements concluded by the Union are binding upon the institutions of the Union and on its Member States.” (Article 216(2) TFEU). According to the Case-law of the Court of Justice …

Court (Grand Chamber) of 21 December 2011, Air Transport Association of America and Others v Secretary


Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU industries

EPRS · 29 March 2021 English

The COVID-19 crisis has had a substantial impact on the EU27 economy and triggered unprecedented policy responses across Europe and the globe. With evidence on the effects on the EU …

responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, Journal of air transport management 87, available at: https://www.sciencedirect Five Aero, 2020, Perspectives on Passenger Air Transport in a COVID-19 World, available at: https://


Digital green certificate

EPRS · 26 March 2021 English

On 17 March 2021, the European Commission put forward a proposal for a regulation on a 'digital green certificate' allowing for safe and free movement of EU citizens during the …

without wearing a face mask. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is working on IATA Travel


Research for REGI Committee -ISLANDS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION: State of play …

EPRS · 24 March 2021 English

This paper explores the specificities of islands of the European Union (including Outermost Regions), as well as their challenges and existing means of development. It aims to provide a basis …

conditionalities, such as the dependence on maritime and air transport. Due to scarcity of land resources, it is conditionalities, such as the dependence on maritime and air transport. In addition, rural areas on islands face


Europe’s Tightrope Diplomacy on China

CEIP · 24 March 2021 English

The EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment was born in a complex political environment but now has renewed potential to warm economic relationships between the two powers. As U.S.-China tensions rise, …

insurance; private hospitals; biological resources; air transport; real estate and environmental services; and


Research for REGI Committee -ISLANDS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION: State of play …

EPRS · 24 March 2021 English

This paper explores the specificities of islands of the European Union (including Outermost Regions), as well as their challenges and existing means of development. It aims to provide a basis …

conditionalities, such as the dependence on maritime and air transport. Due to scarcity of land resources, it is


Digital Resilience: How Work-From-Home Feasibility Affects Firm Performance

NBER · 18 March 2021 English

Digital technologies may make some tasks, jobs and firms more resilient to unanticipated shocks. We extract data from over 200 million U.S. job postings to construct an index for firms' …

Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers 4541 Electronic Shopping and Mail-Order Houses 4812 Nonscheduled Air Transportation 4841 General Freight Trucking 4842 Specialized Freight Trucking 4851 Urban Transit Systems 4852 Interurban and Rural Bus Transportation 4853 Taxi and Limousine Service 4859 Other Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation 4861 Pipeline Transportation of Crude Oil 4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas 4885 Freight Transportation Arrangement 4911 Postal Service 4921 Couriers and Express


Canada : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

IMF · 18 March 2021 English

The Canadian economy was operating at close to capacity and had strong policy buffers when the COVID-19 pandemic hit. Economic and social restrictions put in place in March 2020 helped …

Support has been given to industries most impacted by the pandemic, including tourism, air transportation products/activities with below - average emission rates—can reinforce mitigation incentives in the transport


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