Capital Markets

A capital market is a financial market in which long-term debt (over a year) or equity-backed securities are bought and sold. Capital markets channel the wealth of savers to those who can put it to long-term productive use, such as companies or governments making long-term investments. Financial regulators like Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), Bank of England (BoE) and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) oversee capital markets to protect investors against fraud, among other duties. Modern capital markets are almost invariably hosted on computer-based electronic trading platforms; most can be accessed only by entities within the …

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Publications

WRI · 10 December 2021 English

This paper aims to connect unmet nature-based solutions (NBS) investment needs in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) with new financial resources. It highlights five strategies that leverage private capital …

have secured private capital or accessed the capital markets and demonstrated strategies to mainstream projects unlocked private capital or accessed capital markets. The strategies presented serve as guideposts investors and are already used to price risk in capital markets. This established industry research thus plays endowment. Endowments are funds invested in capital markets to provide returns to support endowed organizations scalable, and tap into private investment and capital markets. The money is out there, waiting to be tapped


WRI · 10 December 2021 English

Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) face a substantial investment gap in their work to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) to …

Department of Research and Chief Economist 35 Capital Markets and IDB Invest 37 Conclusion 40 Appendices and other key teams at the Bank, including Capital Markets, Research, and the Social Sector (Table 5) of Research and Chief Economist IDB INVEST Capital Markets Source: IDB (2020h). Support from the Inter-American


NBER · 24 November 2021

We use textual analysis of earnings conference calls held by listed firms around the world to measure the amount of risk managers and investors at each firm associate with each …


NBER · 24 November 2021

We study information substitutability in the financial market through a quasi-natural experiment: the pandemic-triggered lockdown that has hampered people's physical interactions hence the ability to collect, process, and transmit soft …


NBER · 24 November 2021

In recent years, the designs of many new blockchain applications have been inspired by the Byzantine fault tolerance (BFT) problem. While traditional BFT protocols assume that most system nodes are …


PIK · 22 November 2021

actors in the models, (b) modelling of technology diffusion and dynamics, (c) representation of capital markets, (d) energy-economy feedbacks, (e) policy scenarios, and (f) interpretation and use of model


NBER · 18 November 2021

This paper proposes a new measure of technological obsolescence using detailed patent data. Using this measure, we present two sets of results. First, firms' technological obsolescence foreshadows substantially lower growth, …


FPRI · 17 November 2021

the Australians and Canadians. The U.S. needs to come up with strategies to incentivize U.S. capital markets to play in this space; this could start with funding and/or partnering with U.S. companies that


PIK · 16 November 2021

account imbalances and imperfect capital markets to investigate potential market feedback mechanisms between climate policies, energy sector transformation and capital markets. Furthermore, it answers the zero-carbon economies increases the policy cost of mitigation under the condition of imperfect capital markets. First results demonstrate a dominant baseline effect of capital market imperfections on macroeconomic Middle East) estimates of relatively high mitigation costs are revised downwards, if imperfect capital markets are considered.


NBER · 12 November 2021

We provide a simple framework to study the prudential use of capital controls and currency reserves that have been explored in the recent literature. We cover the role of both …


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