Caste

Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a style of life which often includes an occupation, ritual status in a hierarchy, and customary social interaction and exclusion based on cultural notions of purity and pollution. Its paradigmatic ethnographic example is the division of India's Hindu society into rigid social groups, with roots in India's ancient history and persisting to the present time. However, the economic significance of the caste system in India has been declining as a result of urbanization and affirmative action programs. A subject of much scholarship by sociologists and anthropologists, the …

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Publications

World Bank Group · 6 June 2024 English

data disaggregated by gender, vulnerable groups, caste, ethnicity and differently abled population. 0.00


World Bank Group · 5 June 2024 English

In 1992, the 73rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution created 250,000 village democracies (called Gram Panchayats) covering 800 million citizens. It mandated regular elections, deliberative spaces, and political reservations for …

had effective local governments, but were upper caste dominated (Aziz (2000), Srinivas et al. (1960)) by colonial revenue poli- cies and torn apart by caste, creed and gender, were held together by feudal historically marginalised Dalit or “untouchable” caste. He wrote: “[The untouchables] have no rights because tested, rather than the scene of a pronunciamento by caste elders” (Bayly (1996) p. 187). The trope, widespread governments would primarily reinforce traditional caste elites, granting them not only sustained social


World Bank Group · 5 June 2024 English

In 1992, the 73rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution created 250,000 village democracies (called Gram Panchayats) covering 800 million citizens. It mandated regular elections, deliberative spaces, and political reservations for …

had effective local governments, but were upper caste dominated (Aziz (2000), Srinivas et al. (1960)) by colonial revenue poli- cies and torn apart by caste, creed and gender, were held together by feudal historically marginalised Dalit or “untouchable” caste. He wrote: “[The untouchables] have no rights because tested, rather than the scene of a pronunciamento by caste elders” (Bayly (1996) p. 187). The trope, widespread governments would primarily reinforce traditional caste elites, granting them not only sustained social


World Bank Group · 5 June 2024 English

Addressing gender gaps is critical to the success of Uzbekistan’s inclusive transformation. Uzbekistan’s national income would be about 29 percent higher if women were to participate in equal measure to …

Research insight: Does Affirmative Action Work? Caste, Gender, College Quality, and Academic Success reduce inequality that stems from a centuries-old caste structure and history of disparate treatment by and Lowell Taylor. "Does affirmative action work? Caste, gender, college quality, and academic success


World Bank Group · 5 June 2024 English

enterprises (No. jobs disaggregated by gender/caste/ethnicity) • GHG emitted/sequestered (tons CO2


Yoorrook Justice Commission · 3 June 2024 English

We too acknowledge 40 the Wurundjeri people and all the First Nations of the State of Victoria who are looking to work with this Commission to aid their dealings with …

a document: "...my husband and myself are half-caste Aboriginals. The police in Cunningham 35 can let


NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research · 30 May 2024 English

Reducing gender-specific commuting barriers in developing countries has complex and diverse effects on women’s labor dynamics. We study a program that offers free bus rides for women in several Indian …

age, religion (e.g., Hindu and Muslim), caste (e.g., upper caste, scheduled castes, and scheduled tribes)


ADB: Asian Development Bank · 29 May 2024 English

Analyzing how Asia and the Pacific’s online job portal data can be used to assess labor market and broader economic trends, this report explains why improving data quality and tackling …

Some portals also include fields for religion, caste, and any disability. Data from these fields (such gender identification, disability status, and caste) opens possibilities of examining questions of inclusion information 3 Title (Mr., Mrs., etc.) 1 Religion 1 Caste 1 Disability 1 Biometrics (blood group, height, information 3 Title (Mr., Mrs., etc.) 1 Religion 1 Caste 1 Disability 1 Biometrics (blood group, height,


ADB: Asian Development Bank · 29 May 2024 English

This publication looks at barriers faced by many women and girls living with disabilities in Asia and the Pacific. It provides guidance on inclusive approaches to project and program design, …

of marginalization, such as faith, ethnicity, caste, class, sexual orientation, or gender identity. as diversity in age, ethnicity and race, class, caste, among others.22 5.2 Using an Intersectionality women and girls with disabilities of scheduled caste and scheduled tribe; migrants, refugees, and displaced


World Bank Group · 28 May 2024 French

vecteurs de discrimination - le sexe, le genre, la caste, les origines raciales, ethniques, autochtones ou


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