Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (; Czech and Slovak: Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe, created in October 1918, when it declared its independence from Austria-Hungary. In 1938, after the Munich Agreement, the so-called Sudetenland became part of Germany, while the country lost further territories to Hungary and Poland. Between 1939 to 1945 the state ceased to exist, as Slovakia proclaimed its independence and subsequently the remaining territories in the east became part of Hungary, while in the remainder of the Czech Lands the German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia was proclaimed. In October 1939, after the outbreak of …

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ESI · 31 December 2021 English

It also required that citizens in the Balkans did not yield to the urge of revenge, as Albright explained to a crowd in Pristina following the end of the 1999 …

1949, Josef Korbel, a former ambassador of Czechoslovakia to the former Yugoslavia, who was then working cannot, of course, return to the Communist Czechoslovakia as I would be arrested for my faithful adherence Korbel’s daughter Madeleine would return to a Czechoslovakia where peaceful protesters had toppled the communist Madeleine Albright moved into the State Department, Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union had dissolved peacefully


ISPAIM · 30 December 2021 Romanian

AlEXANdRU oșcA* Abstract Romania’s security system in the interwar period was based on close relations with France (especially) and Great Britain, the guarantors of the international order created at the …

VIII 1933, explain his behaviour. Clearly, Czechoslovakia no p. 14. longer cared about exacerbating the


ICDS · 16 December 2021 English

tests the abilities of the Russian and Belarusian armed forces to mobilise, generate forces, deploy, maintain their Zapad tests the abilities of the Russian forces in the field, and conduct …

conventional opposing forces, before the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. such as NATO, that could attack Russia


JHS · 16 December 2021 English

Believing communists tried to stop the development twice; the failed coup against Gorbachev that Yeltsin stopped and the attempt in the Duma, that was stopped by the shootings at the …

for example, that Russia should not conquer Czechoslovakia just because Russia needs its mines and factories


ACUS · 2 December 2021 English

nonpartisan commitment to the cause of security, support for US leadership in cooperation with allies and partners, and • US democracy support should follow a triage approach, providing assistance dedication …

became clear. 41 and Central Europe (Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland). This led to heightened hopes


OSW · 22 November 2021 English

(Nazism) in World War II, and the attitude of the USSR towards political crises in the GDR, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and other formerly soci. [...] Selective, biased presen‑ tation of facts from the past aims to

towards political crises in the GDR, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and other formerly social‑ ist countries.38 This applies primarily to the interventions in Czechoslovakia (1968) and Afghani‑ stan (1979–1989),51 and the participants in the 1968 intervention in Czechoslovakia. 52 What draws attention, however, is the exceptionally Cieszyn Silesia was divided between Poland and Czechoslovakia in 1920 at the Spa Conference, after a protracted War  II, these territo‑ ries were restored to Czechoslovakia. In 2009 the then Polish president Lech Kaczyński


ISC · 11 November 2021 English

Hence, the remainder of this chapter will: (a) seek to clarify the term “integration” and provide an overview of the conceptual and definitional problems related to the concept of integration; …

draft resolutions had been submitted – one by Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union, and the other by China draft resolution was 13 in favor and 2 against (Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union). !e draft therefore failed


Cato Institute · 11 November 2021

imperial designs like that of Adolf Hitler. He began consuming his neighbors’ territory, Austria and Czechoslovakia, barely five years after taking power. After ruling Russia for more than two decades Vladimir


Notre Europe · 2 November 2021 English

In this spirit, Viktor Orbán criticised Western Europe for having “renounced Christian Europe” while Hungary and the nations of Central Europe – around the “Polish flagship” – are “in the …

on the day of his election as President of Czechoslovakia on 29 December 1989. Whilst Havel’s political


OSCE · 29 October 2021 English

VLADIMIR ZHEGLOV, DEPUTY PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, AT THE 1337th MEETING OF THE OSCE PERMANENT COUNCIL 30 September 2021 On the rise of neo-Nazism in the OSCE area …

the “Munich betrayal”. Under the agreement, Czechoslovakia was to cede Sudetenland to Germany within ten Federation noted in particular: “The partition of Czechoslovakia was brutal and cynical. Munich destroyed even Soviet Union was the only one to stand up for Czechoslovakia.” Cynical attempts have been made in some countries


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