Democratization, or democratisation, is the transition to a more democratic political regime, including substantive political changes moving in a democratic direction. It may be the transition from an authoritarian regime to a full democracy, a transition from an authoritarian political system to a semi-democracy or transition from a semi-authoritarian political system to a democratic political system. The outcome may be consolidated (as it was for example in the United Kingdom) or democratization may face frequent reversals (as happened in Chile). Different patterns of democratization are often used to explain other political phenomena, such as whether a country goes to a …



WRI: World Resources Institute · 6 December 2023 English

This report systematizes the implementation process, challenges, learnings, and results of complete street interventions in eight cities from different regions of Brazil.

humanize the urban environment and promote the democratization of the use of public space, promoting coexistence

IGCC: UC Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation · 21 November 2023 English

While the decrease in the aggregate scores of democratic density might look the same, we expect that backsliding from a liberal democracy to an electoral democracy already changes the nature …

Membership Maria J. Debre, Thomas Sommerer Abstract Democratization scholars are currently debating if we are indeed the various ways in which the third wave of democratization has affected international cooperation. Democracies structures of IOs changed since the peak of democratization in the 1990s and particularly in the recent Second, mixed IOs that have experienced some democratization of their membership, like the Southern 1 The (PIF). They have made some headway in terms of democratization of their membership across all three proposed

CEIP: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace · 16 November 2023 English

Brussels faces an uncomfortable choice between geopolitical calculus and adherence to its own democratization criteria.There has been one constant in Georgia’s foreign policy since the restoration of the

geopolitical calculus and adherence to its own democratization criteria. Related Media and Tools Print Page Georgia’s domestic political agenda; the country’s democratization became inseparable from its Westernization drive toward the West generated momentum for democratization and domestic reforms. Now, the pivot away from too late. Admittedly, Georgia’s record of democratization has always been mixed. Democratic breakthroughs signal to the Georgian public and encourage democratization—instead of abandoning Georgia to the Russian

Amnesty International · 16 November 2023 English

This is a submission to the UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders in response to the call for input to inform the thematic report on the …

old calling for political reforms towards democratization. 7 Amnesty International documented the failures

CDRI: Cambodia Development Resource Institute  · 15 November 2023 English

The report illuminates the political economy of land-water resources in the floodplains around the Tonle Sap Lake which constitutes the upper part of the Mekong River Delta and shares seasonal …

Sedara Kim. 2013. “Reconstruction and Local Democratization in Cambodia? An Empirical Review of the Potential

AU: African Union · 12 November 2023

the University of South Carolina, has published articles and book chapters on development and democratization, and has taught at the University of South Carolina, Georgia State University, and Sewanee -

Head of the Democratization Department and later became the Head of the Democratization Department. In pursuing a Master's Degree in Human Rights and Democratization, underscoring a commitment to advancing democratic articles and book chapters on development and democratization, and has taught at the University of South

World Bank Group · 9 November 2023 French

to accelerate administrative services; • Democratization of Internet access • Schools’ access to the

FPRI: Foreign Policy Research Institute · 9 November 2023 English

The book that will include this report aims to close this gap between the policy and scholarly debates. It aims to provide a better understanding of the

Risk rubric, which examines the trends of democratization and authoritarian pushback in the region. Table

ADB: Asian Development Bank · 8 November 2023 English

This brief explains how Bhutan’s civil society organizations (CSOs) have evolved since the 1980s, delves into their funding, and shows how they work alongside government to provide basic services and …

to the country’s economic development and democratization, while local civic groups took shape through the king remains an active advocate for democratization, and, with his encouragement, Bhutan’s people

World Bank Group · 8 November 2023 English

this regard, the CLA introduces a level of democratization; the CLCs will be chaired by the Group Village

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