Discrimination is the act of making unjustified distinctions between human beings based on the groups, classes, or other categories to which they are perceived to belong. People may be discriminated on the basis of race, gender, age, religion, or sexual orientation, as well as other categories. Discrimination especially occurs when individuals or groups are unfairly treated in a way which is worse than other people are treated, on the basis of their actual or perceived membership in certain groups or social categories. It involves restricting members of one group from opportunities or privileges that are available to members of another …

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How Could Trade Policy Better Address Food System Shocks?

IISD · 1 April 2021 English

This report examines how trade policy can help governments anticipate and respond to food system shocks while avoiding harm to producers and consumers in other countries. It also makes the …

the effect of undermining principles of non-discrimination and create long-term obstacles toward the

Viet Nam: Fresh crackdown as National Assembly election looms

Amnesty International · 1 April 2021 English

The Vietnamese authorities must end their crackdown on independent election candidates and critical voices, said Amnesty International today.

Viet Nam – are treated equally and without discrimination. These are basic principles of the international

Race and Gender Wealth Equity and the Role of Employee Share Ownership

The Aspen Institute · 1 April 2021 English

white households and households of color, are particularly striking consequences of structural discrimination and occupational segregation. The pandemic has exacerbated and heightened awareness of these

wealth disparity? Because of racial and gender discrimination, the US has substantial and growing disparities lower levels of financial education, and discrimination and sometimes predation in financial markets

Amnesty International's recommendations to states under review in UPR38 (May 2021)

Amnesty International · 1 April 2021 English

This compilation of recommendations are made to seven of the states under review in the 38th session of the UN Universal Periodic Review (Belgium, Denmark, Mozambique, Paraguay, Sierra Leone, Singapore …

action plan against racism and other forms of discrimination ▪ Elaborate, adopt, and implement in Action Plan against racism and related forms of discrimination. Business & Human Rights ▪ Adopt legal explicit prohibition of direct and indirect discrimination, and by explicitly prohibiting ethnic profiling ensure their rights to health, life and non-discrimination. ▪ Ensure adequate representation and involvement decent employment for all workers without discrimination of any kind. ▪ Ensure access to domestic


Amnesty International · 1 April 2021 English

Miraziz Bazarov, a blogger from Uzbekistan, was severely beaten by unidentified masked people in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, on 28 March 2021. Prior to the attack Bazarov had criticised …

Constitution guarantees privacy, equality and non-discrimination, Uzbekistan is one of only two Central Asian

Security at the frontier

Chatham House · 31 March 2021 English

Increasing global connectivity has brought with it a new range of security threats that were unfathomable just decades ago. Global reliance on the internet and on virtual networks has revealed …

 T. (2003), ‘Network Neutrality, Broadband Discrimination’, Journal of Telecommunications and High Technology

Is Democratic Opposition to China’s Repression in Xinjiang Getting Stronger?

CEIP · 31 March 2021 English

A coalition of democracies is sanctioning China for its treatment of Uyghurs. Does this herald a new joint strategy among democracies for addressing China’s human rights violations in Xinjiang?

United States needs to tackle its patterns of discrimination and abuses against its minority populations

Afghanistan: 'We survived the virus, but may not survive the hunger': The …

Amnesty International · 31 March 2021 English

Afghanistan’s four million of internally displaced people (IDPs) were already living in dire conditions when the COVID-19 pandemic hit globally, and the overcrowded IDPs camps were soon identified as places …

regardless of the circumstances and without discrimination, competent authorities shall provide internally ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION ARTICLE 5 In compliance with the fundamental undertake to prohibit and to eliminate racial discrimination in all its forms and to guarantee the right State institutions, against any acts of racial discrimination which violate his human rights and fundamental for any damage suffered as a result of such discrimination. ARTICLE 7 States Parties undertake to adopt

Thailand: Submission to the Office of the Council of State on the …

Amnesty International · 31 March 2021 English

Amnesty International considers numerous provisions of the Draft Act overly restrictive of the right to freedom of association and other human rights. If adopted in its current state, not-for-profit organizations …

and that is respectful of the rights to non-discrimination and privacy, as it would otherwise put the the right to freedom of association without discrimination.11 Any restriction imposed on an individuals’ Marginalized groups and those who are at risk of discrimination usually face harsher obstacles to exercise reaffirm the principle of equality and non-discrimination under international human rights law, which arbitrary and must respect the principle of non-discrimination and the right to privacy as it would otherwise

Serving Youth Remotely: Strategies for Practitioners

Urban Institute · 30 March 2021 English

The COVID-19 pandemic has posed unprecedented challenges for young people and staff at youth-serving organizations that provide education and training, employment, and mental health services. Challenges are more pronounced for …

Williams, David R., and Selina A Mohammed. 2009. Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence

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