Economic Conversion

Economic conversion, defence conversion, or arms conversion, is a technical, economic and political process for moving from military to civilian markets. Economic conversion takes place on several levels and can be applied to different organizations. In terms of levels (roughly corresponding to geographic scales), conversion can take place at the level of new innovation projects, divisions within multi-divisional firms, companies, and national economies. In terms of objects, conversion can govern workers (i.e. retraining), firms (in terms of workers, capital, facilities and real estate) and land (in terms of real estate). Some of these scales obviously overlap. Organizations that can be …



ECCP: European Cluster Collaboration Platform · 24 October 2023 English

The blue, green, and black grids have the ambition to include the preservation of biodiversity in regional planning decisions, contributing to the improvement of the living environment and the attractiveness …

Strategy) and by the long-term requirements of economic conversion. Within the framework of this 2050 trajectory

World Bank Group · 25 September 2023 English

monetary value is used and multiplied by the economic conversion factor resulting in economic prices.

RAND Corporation · 5 April 2023 English

Seeks to understand and anticipate the impact of an attenuated or weakened Liberal International Order on propensity, incidence, and intensity of conflict.

Incentive for Cooperation,” Disarmament, Economic Conversion, and Management of Peace, 1992, pp. 273–284;

IPS: Institute for Policy Studies · 26 January 2023 English

In his election victory speech, President-elect Bill Clinton declared the election, “a clarion call for our country to face the challenges of the end of the cold war and …[t]o …

Washington DC: National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament. 37 Bischak, G, (1997, July)

IPS: Institute for Policy Studies · 13 January 2023 English

We need to shift the narrative in rural New Mexico to realize that we’ve been in a toxic relationship all this time.” – Josue de Luna Navarro Challenging the narrative …

which essentially developed a framework for economic conversion. P rior to the rise of the peace movement and peace activist, an overall goal of the economic conversion movement was aiming to shift federal funding director of the National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament. She holds a Ph.D. from the

NLC: National League of Cities · 13 January 2023 English


keep local officials consortiums in the economic conversion informed about the potential for closure

MFN: Moving Forward Network · 3 January 2023 English

In its statement in response to the Paris climate agreement, however, it noted that “workers in certain sectors will bear the brunt of transitional job and income loss.” Recognizing that …

Wall Street backgrounds. [2] Carl Boggs, “Economic Conversion As a Radical Strategy: Where Social Movements

INREA: National Institute for research in technical sciences for the environment and agriculture · 2023 French

a 30-year period of operation and a 90% economic conversion factor. The economic viability of the project

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