Gender Roles

A gender role, also known as a sex role, is a social role encompassing a range of behaviors and attitudes that are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for a person based on that person's biological or perceived sex. Gender roles are usually centered on conceptions of masculinity and femininity, although there are exceptions and variations. The specifics regarding these gendered expectations may vary substantially among cultures, while other characteristics may be common throughout a range of cultures. There is ongoing debate as to what extent gender roles and their variations are biologically determined, and to what extent they are …

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Publications

Amnesty International · 24 November 2023 English

Around the world, those defending abortion rights are under attack, including activists, advocates, educators, clinic escorts, accompaniers, doulas, and healthcare workers. They are exposed to stigmatization, physical and verbal attacks, …

cultural and gender norms that dictate restrictive gender roles, heteronormative sexual orientation or gender


UNODC: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime · 22 November 2023 English

15 Due to improvements in data coverage and statistical modelling, the estimated 2022 global rate of 1.2 female intimate partner/family- related homicides per 100,000 women is not directly comparable to …

need to assert male control or power, enforce gender roles, or prevent, discourage or punish what is considered


World Bank Group · 22 November 2023 English

Côte d'Ivoire is at a crossroads. Despite good progress over the last decade, recent global economic and health shocks have aggravated existing problems including lack of fiscal space, limited access …

C., and X. Pena. 2017. “Washing Machines and Gender Roles: A Pilot Study Intervention.” https://www.cedlas


World Bank Group · 22 November 2023 English

violence against women is most common where gender roles are rigidly defined and enforced and where the


ADB: Asian Development Bank · 17 November 2023 English

Post-disaster recovery entails physical or material reconstruction and the social and economic recovery of the affected communities.Navigating Resilient Post-Disaster Recovery in Asia and the Pacific addresses the importance of resilient …

equality after reconstruction by transforming gender roles and relations. Its key components were in the


World Bank Group · 16 November 2023 English

Despite global commitments made through the Paris Agreement in 2015 to combat climate change, their translation into national policies has been slow, raising concerns about the feasibility of achieving climate …

employment opportunities (Erman et al. 2021). Gender roles in agriculture and structural differences have


NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research · 16 November 2023 English

This article discusses son preference in India, including both greater investment in sons and the fertility preference for sons. Regarding differential investment, I focus on child health and show that …

Pew Research Center. 2022. How Indians View Gender Roles in Families and Society. Washington, D.C.:


CLTC: Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity · 15 November 2023 English

The event focused on the cybersecurity, not the kinetic, aspects of the conflict between Taiwan and China.2 As the title suggests, panelists leveraged lessons from Russia’s February 2022 invasion of …

different politics, and even non-conforming gender roles. Fields explained that TR hits at the center


World Bank Group · 14 November 2023 English

This Approach Paper proposes an independent evaluation of the results achieved by the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation (IFC) in supporting countries (understood as governments, private sector, civil …

while challenging the structures that maintain gender roles, relations, and hierarchies). The discussion


AFIDEP: African Institute for Development Policy · 12 November 2023 English

The to the Select Committee noted that the “UN Population Award, UN General Assembly established the Award in 1981, and an affirmation of the international community, is presented to was …

demographic against simplistic stereotypical gender roles, it creates the more character of society. In


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