Kurds (Kurdish: کورد ,Kurd‎) or Kurdish people are an Iranic ethnic group native to a mountainous region of Western Asia known as Kurdistan, which spans southeastern Turkey, northwestern Iran, northern Iraq, and northern Syria. There are exclaves of Kurds in Central Anatolia, Khorasan, and the Caucasus, as well as significant Kurdish diaspora communities in the cities of western Turkey (in particular Istanbul) and Western Europe (primarily in Germany). The Kurdish population is estimated to be between 30 and 45 million.Kurds speak the Kurdish languages and the Zaza–Gorani languages, which belong to the Western Iranian branch of the Iranian languages in …

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Cato Institute · 18 November 2021

S. and NATO interests, such as its provocations in the Mediterranean and aggressions against the Kurds. Selling Turkey advanced fighter aircraft, which it will then use without constraint, defeats the attacks” from Kurdish forces on the border, as Erdoğan has long maintained that U.S. support for the Kurds is “unacceptable” and goes against its NATO obligations. Ankara’s frustration in Syria gave Russia

Al Sharq Strategic Research · 18 November 2021 Turkish

7 | 2003 SONRASI IRAK’TA TÜRKİYE-BAE İLİŞKİLERİ: SINIRLI BİR REKABET Mİ? Irak Kürdistan Bölgesi (IKB) ve Ninova vilayetinin coğrafi yakınlığı ile etnik ve mezhepsel yapısı bu iki bölgeyi Türkiye’nin nüfuzunu …

-urges-iran- not-to.html 72- “Turkey and Iraqi Kurds: Conflict or Cooperation,” International Crisis f-and-arabian-peninsula/iraq/turkey-and- iraqi-kurds-conflict-or-cooperation 73- “Inaugurating the Emirati https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-iraq-kurds-rosneft-idUSKBN1CP16L 98- Mariya Petkova, “What

CEIP · 4 November 2021 English

This paper looks in depth at the democracy-security dilemma with a view to helping U.S. policymakers deal with it more systematically and effectively. Case studies of U.S. policy toward Egypt, …

might energize separatists among the millions of Kurds living in the eastern regions of Turkey and bolster forces and acquiescence to Turkey’s assault on Kurds in northern Syria reflected Trump’s wish to disengage

Institut des Relations Internationales et Strategiques · 13 October 2021 English

We have also seen the constitution, on the very day of the publication of the EU’s “Strategy for Cooperatio n in the Indo-Pacific”, of a tripartite alliance between the United …

As the Afghans are painfully learning, and the Kurds have learned before them, it is always very risky

TCF · 12 October 2021 English

Late one night this summer in a park on the edge of Mosul’s Old City, I met a group of teenagers unwinding by a fountain at the end of a …

Most of the men there have been cleared by the Kurds to return home, but they’re afraid to approach

Chatham House · 6 October 2021 English

After all but one of Iraq’s parliamentary elections since 2005, the country has reformed its election laws in response to public pressure. Despite the introduction of new electoral legislation, the …

representation, and to contain representation of Kurds within their region, the 2005 law divided 230 of UIA, headed by Prime Minister Maliki, and the Kurds.20 Despite their reservations, the factions were Christians, Yazidis, Sabaeans and Shabeks. The Kurds initially resisted this, seeing minority groups entitled to separate representation. However, the Kurds supported reserved seats for Christians – as did for all identified minorities. Ultimately, the Kurds backed the provisions and their support was essential

Cato Institute · 20 September 2021 English

Afghanistan ended tragically, but that was inevitable once Washington shifted from responding to 9/11 to imposing a Western‐​style government.This article appeared in Anti​war​.com on September 20, 2021.The failure of America’s …

sublime to the ridiculous when applied to Syria’s Kurds, with whom America worked against the Islamic State stemmed this alleged sacred and vital commitment? The Kurds, not Americans, were directly threatened by ISIS Rojava or Syrian Kurdistan. Washington aided the Kurds, who were not fighting as an act of charity, but

World Bank Group · 17 September 2021 English

The Middle East and North Africa Region encapsulates many of the issues surrounding water and human mobility. It is the most water-scarce region in the world and is experiencing unprecedented …

pdf. McDowall, D. 1996. A Modern History of the Kurds. London: IB Tauris. Swain, A., and A. Jägerskog

AIR Center · 16 September 2021 English

At the same tie, Armenian attitudes towards Kurds are complicated and must take into account the former accusing the latter of taking action against Armenians in the early twentieth century.3 Ironically [...] Although the Yezidis speak the same language as the Kurds (Kurmanji), the former insist they speak the “Yezidi” language (unlike the Kurds, they use the Cyrillic alphabet). [...] The Armenian heads

forth. At the same tie, Armenian attitudes towards Kurds are complicated and must take into account the former destabilization of the peaceful lives of Turks and Kurds, as well as exacerbating the situation in the region Armenian census put the numbers of Yezidis and Kurds in Armenia at 35,272 and 2,131 respectively. Both Armenian Yezidis become annoyed when identified as Kurds, and in Armenia the two are recognized as separate most Kurds there practice the Yezidi faith. Every year, the number of practicing Muslim Kurds is decreasing

FPRI · 14 September 2021 English

Executive Summary T he United States is examining how to narrow core objectives in the Middle East to focus on improving military readiness and increasing the number of low-density, high-demand …

nytimes.com/2019/10/13/us/politics/mark-esper-syria-kurds-turkey.html. argues that Washington should consider

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