Marine Ecosystems

Marine ecosystems are the largest of Earth's aquatic ecosystems and are distinguished by waters that have a high salt content. These systems contrast with freshwater ecosystems, which have a lower salt content. Marine waters cover more than 70% of the surface of the Earth and account for more than 97% of Earth's water supply and 90% of habitable space on Earth. Marine ecosystems include nearshore systems, such as the salt marshes, mudflats, seagrass meadows, mangroves, rocky intertidal systems and coral reefs. They also extend outwards from the coast to include offshore systems, such as the surface ocean, pelagic ocean waters, …

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Publications

UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme · 23 May 2024 English

Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and partners covers terrestrial as well as coastal and marine ecosystems. A global call to action, it will draw together political support, scientific research and financial

covers terrestrial as well as coastal and marine ecosystems. A global call to action, it will draw together


World Bank Group · 22 May 2024 English

The significance of this diagnostic work stems from the fact that it is the first of its kind to be carried out under the One Health perspective in Sudan. The …

woodland, high rainfall savannah woodland, and marine ecosystems. The Um Jar wetland in the White Nile state


World Bank Group · 22 May 2024 English

conservation of marine resources, biodiversity, and marine ecosystems, together with the sustainable development


PPIC: Public Policy Institute of California · 21 May 2024 English

Conceptual Model for Climate Effects on Aquatic Ecosystems and Native Biodiversity An essential first step in the development of a climate adaptation plan for freshwater biota in California is to …

“Resilience to Climate Change in Coastal Marine Ecosystems.” Annual Review of Marine Science. 5:1, 371-392


UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme · 20 May 2024 English

The abandoned shrimp farms and salt pans that litter Sri Lanka’s coastline are a testament to the pitfalls of unsustainable development. Industry and infrastructure have erased swaths of the biodiversity-rich …

efforts. TOPICS Ocean & coasts Coastal and Marine Ecosystems / Mangrove Further Resources UN Decade on


IMF: International Monetary Fund · 15 May 2024 English

Selected Issues

surface temperatures will likely disrupt marine ecosystems (coral bleaching, seaweed invasion, and reduced


urgewald · 15 May 2024 English

is in ultra deepwater areas.3 At the beginning of 2022, TotalEnergies and Shell Oil and gas exploration is also underway in the northeast announced the discovery of huge oil and …

impacts to date.36 on climate and the country’s marine ecosystems.39 Although the appraisal of the gas fields


ODI: Overseas Development Institute · 14 May 2024

Estimating the impact of irregular and unsustainable fishing of distant-water fishing fleets in Ecuador, Peru, Senegal, Ghana, and the Philippines Report Fishy Business Estimating the impact of irregular and unsustainable …

vulnerability to overfishing destruction of marine ecosystems and the and illegal, unreported and unregulated engage in fisheries of the greatest threats to marine ecosystems. crime with relative impunity due both to practices within the industry. Impact on marine ecosystems: Irresponsible fishing practices associated monitoring or control, posing a threat to marine ecosystems and sustainable fisheries. As noted, ‘overfishing’


World Bank Group · 14 May 2024 English

The significance of this diagnostic work stems from the fact that it is the first of its kind to be carried out under the One Health perspective in Sudan. The …

woodland, high rainfall savannah woodland, and marine ecosystems. The Um Jar wetland in the White Nile state


IISD: International Institute for Sustainable Development · 14 May 2024 English

After the historic adoption of the Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies in 2022, Members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) are now negotiating new global disciplines to address more broadly the …

sustainable fishing, therefore protecting both marine ecosystems and the communities that depend on fishing


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