Plastics

Plastics are a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic materials, that use polymers as a main ingredient. The plasticity during production makes it possible for plastic to be moulded, extruded or pressed into solid objects of various shapes, making it an adaptable material for many different uses. This adaptability, plus a wide range of beneficial properties, such as being light weight, durable and flexible, alongside cheap production processes has led to widespread adoption in contemporary society. Plastics typically are made through human industrial systems. Most modern plastics are derived from fossil fuel based petrochemicals like natural gas or petroleum; however, …

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Publications

World Bank Group · 27 June 2024 English

Vietnam) have an emerging solid waste ecosystem, with a SWM regulatory framework; incentives for plastics’ reuse; SUPs’ restriction, collection systems, and recycling facilities in place in major urban

construction waste, electronics, and single-use plastics (SUPs).8 During the 1970s, Korean households discharged waste collection, transport, and the recovery of plastics. This paper presents information on several innovations for waste collection, transport, and recovery of plastics range from simple, basic modifications of existing segregate all plastics would be too demanding. Also, the label “Other” 23 on some plastics creates confusion Recyclers]. 2018. “Near Infrared (NIR) Sorting in the Plastics Recycling Process”). 25 Nature Stone. 2023


World Bank Group · 27 June 2024 English

Women around the world face numerous mobility challenges. Public transport can provide many economic benefits that should be enjoyed equally by all users, regardless of gender or life circumstances. In …

Robertson Blue Skies, Blue Seas: Air Pollution, Marine Plastics, and Coastal Erosion in the Middle East and North


World Bank Group · 27 June 2024 English

Women around the world face numerous mobility challenges. Public transport can provide many economic benefits that should be enjoyed equally by all users, regardless of gender or life circumstances. In …

Robertson Blue Skies, Blue Seas: Air Pollution, Marine Plastics, and Coastal Erosion in the Middle East and North


EU: European Union · 27 June 2024 English

Achieving the EU's digital transition objectives and policy targets is expected to create significant additional employment in key sectors such as computer programming, research and development, and telecommunications. As digital …

and basic pharmaceutical products, rubber and plastics, other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture



ADB: Asian Development Bank · 27 June 2024 English

This report outlines the cascading environmental, social, and economic impacts of aquatic biodiversity loss in Southeast Asia and recommends ways to develop scalable projects that tackle river pollution and support …

municipal and plastic waste, the increasing use of plastics, and inadequate wastewater treatment infrastructure run-off such as chemicals and fertilizers, and (iv) plastics. This “waste in water” is causing the following waste—Microplastics, discarded plastic items, and single-use plastics are posing an increasing threat to marine life Urbanisation Report. 20 OurWorldinData. 2022. Ocean plastics: How much do rich countries contribute by shipping Asia.48 Ninety-five percent of the global load of plastics is transported into the sea through 10 rivers


World Bank Group · 27 June 2024 English

Vietnam) have an emerging solid waste ecosystem, with a SWM regulatory framework; incentives for plastics’ reuse; SUPs’ restriction, collection systems, and recycling facilities in place in major urban

waste, and particularly waste from single-use plastics (SUPs). In 2021, a selection of six ASEAN member sustainable alternatives to plastics, as well as in reusing and recycling plastics. The environmental, health effectively collecting, sorting, and recycling plastics, and, as noted above, the low recycling rate Study for the Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam: Plastics Circularity Opportunities and Barriers.” 8 “The with a SWM regulatory framework; incentives for plastics’ reuse; SUPs’ restriction, collection systems


World Bank Group · 27 June 2024

Vietnam) have an emerging solid waste ecosystem, with a SWM regulatory framework; incentives for plastics’ reuse; SUPs’ restriction, collection systems, and recycling facilities in place in major urban


World Bank Group · 27 June 2024 English

The Maldives Country Climate and Development Report (CCDR) analyses climate change and development challenges and opportunities in the country in an integrated manner. The report focuses on the Maldives achieving …

regional waste management facilities, the single-use plastics phase-out plan, and new regulations requiring


EU: European Union · 27 June 2024 English

The EU's long-term transition to environmental, social and economic sustainability runs alongside several large-scale crises. Amidst the 'triple crisis' of climate change, biodiversity loss and the impact of environmental pollution …

technologies and emerging new materials (e.g. bio‑based plastics) and digital technologies are facilitating the


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