Rationing

Rationing is the controlled distribution of scarce resources, goods, services, or an artificial restriction of demand. Rationing controls the size of the ration, which is one's allowed portion of the resources being distributed on a particular day or at a particular time. There are many forms of rationing, and in western civilization people experience some of them in daily life without realizing it.Rationing is often done to keep price below the market-clearing price determined by the process of supply and demand in an unfettered market. Thus, rationing can be complementary to price controls. An example of rationing in the face …

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Publications

ADB: Asian Development Bank · 6 June 2024 English

This book shows how ADB’s 50-year partnership with the Nepal Electricity Authority has transformed the country’s energy sector and explains how attracting private sector investment would boost energy security and …

Electricity Authority—the public utility, which was rationing grid electricity until 2016 due to short supply—to


World Bank Group · 4 June 2024 English

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are a group of 39 United Nations (UN) member states and 18 dependent territories mostly located in the Caribbean and Oceania. They are among the …

appropriated to pay holders of public debt (through rationing of foreign exchange or increases in the tax burden


World Bank Group · 3 June 2024 English

This advisory document provides a green-growth framework for Bangladesh to achieve high-level objectives identified in the Bangladesh Country Partnership Framework for fiscal years 2023–2027 and the country’s goal of reaching …

percent in production during periods of energy rationing in 2022 (Daily Star 2022). Given that the RMG


World Bank Group · 3 June 2024 English

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are a group of 39 United Nations (UN) member states and 18 dependent territories mostly located in the Caribbean and Oceania. They are among the …

appropriated to pay holders of public debt (through rationing of foreign exchange or increases in the tax burden


World Bank Group · 1 June 2024 English

Tight monetary policies, restrictive financial conditions, and the slowdown of global trade continued to weaken global growth. Global economic growth declined in 2023 and is expected to decline further in …

However, the macroeconomic tightening and rationing of FX slowed down government consumption and


World Bank Group · 31 May 2024 English

Ratings for the Second Ethiopia Growth and Competitiveness Programmatic Development Policy Financing Project for Ethiopia were as follows: outcomes were moderately unsatisfactory, the relevance of prior actions was moderately satisfactory, …

remained difficult due to growing FX shortages and rationing, state dominance in the economy, conflict and


RAND Corporation · 29 May 2024 English

To prepare for challenges it could face in future decades, the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) operates a strategic foresight initiative, Project Evergreen. Researchers designed an analytic game, Paratus Futurum , …

Western states have more drought, causing water rationing, the collapse of California’s agriculture economy


World Bank Group · 28 May 2024 English

The economy has recovered to pre-COVID level but remains below its pre-COVID trajectory. The COVID-19 crisis led to an economic contraction in 2020-21 before recovering by 5.2 percent in 2022. …

depreciation of kina to USD to help resolve the forex rationing issue. From January 2024, BPNG implemented a amount of the pent-up demand for forex due to rationing remains a risk. A new indicative ceiling on the


IMF: International Monetary Fund · 28 May 2024 English

Growth moderated in 2023 with slowing consumption growth, lower services exports to Russia, and fading post-pandemic base effects. But growth has remained above the euro area (EA) average, supported by …

attributed mainly to lower demand, rather than credit rationing by banks. While the uptick in loan renegotiations


IMF: International Monetary Fund · 28 May 2024 English

The Rwandan economy continues its robust growth, notwithstanding the challenging external environment, repeated shocks, and ongoing fiscal consolidation. Headline inflation decelerated sharply in recent months owing to appropriately tight monetary …

encouraged transitioning from the NBR’s current FX rationing operation to a competitive auction once the FX


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