Refrigeration

The term refrigeration means cooling a space, substance or system to lower and/or maintain its temperature below the ambient one (while the removed heat is rejected at a higher temperature). In other words, refrigeration is artificial (human-made) cooling. Energy in the form of heat is removed from a low-temperature reservoir and transferred to a high-temperature reservoir. The work of energy transfer is traditionally driven by mechanical means, but can also be driven by heat, magnetism, electricity, laser, or other means. Refrigeration has many applications, including household refrigerators, industrial freezers, cryogenics, and air conditioning. Heat pumps may use the heat output …

Wikipedia

Publications

IRENA: International Renewable Energy Agency · 11 June 2024 English

Renewable energy, energy access

irrigation and extending the shelf-life of food with refrigeration, which not only increases incomes but also enhances for the operation of medical equipment and refrigeration of vaccines. Most unelectrified public institutions


7 June 2024 English

Israel and Hamas have been engaged in a conflict in the Gaza strip since October 7, 2023, when Hamas launched a surprise incursion into Israel killing more than one thousand …

emissions mainly from use of HFCs, PFCs or SF6 in refrigeration, air conditioning, radar and electrical equipment


ADB: Asian Development Bank · 7 June 2024 English

Emissions data help investors assess companies’ capacity to cope with climate change risks and opportunities.

significant proportion of emissions related to refrigeration, air-conditioning, and manufacturing of electronics


World Bank Group · 6 June 2024 English

Finding fuel sources to replace coal in power plants is crucial in the march toward decarbonization. Biomass and ammonia are two options offering significant potential. Both can be used with …

world, it is used mainly in manufacturing, refrigeration, and agriculture (as a fertilizer). Because


UNICEF: United Nations Children's Fund · 6 June 2024 English

Addressing nutrition deprivation in early childhood.

found.1 Some families also lack facilities (refrigeration, clean water, cooking equipment and fuel) to


UNICEF: United Nations Children's Fund · 5 June 2024 English

‘Child Food Poverty: Nutrition deprivation in early childhood’ examines the status, trends, inequities and drivers of child food poverty in early childhood. The report also outlines an agenda for tackling …

found.1 Some families also lack facilities (refrigeration, clean water, cooking equipment and fuel) to


World Bank Group · 5 June 2024 English

This report presents the findings of a study to analyze Guinea-Bissau’s HCI indicators and its human capital policies across three sectors— health, education, and social protection. The report highlights a …

areas related to small urban trades (e.g., refrigeration and air conditioning, plumbing, hairdressing/aesthetics


World Bank Group · 3 June 2024 English

This report aims to increase awareness and start a discussion among stakeholders on several important but little explored topics: access to efficient and clean cooling in off-grid rural areas, its …

Figure 3.1: Use Segmentation for Off-Grid Solar Refrigeration Systems 21 Figure 3.2: Vaccine Cold Chain Structure meet long unmet needs for space cooling and refrigeration in off-grid rural areas. These advances put (CaaS) A cooling service provider delivers refrigeration services in return for a fee as per the customer’s factors (see Table ES.2). An estimated 7,400 refrigeration units were sold by GOGLA affiliates in 2022 Small-scale commercial off-grid agricultural refrigeration (e.g., cold rooms and chillers) holds great


IADB: Inter-American Development Bank · 3 June 2024 English

Access to essential infrastructure services such as water, sanitation, and garbage collection can considerably affect children's environment and may play a significant role in shaping early childhood developmental and health …

stunting and underweight in households with refrigeration ownership and type of garbage collection No


World Bank Group · 31 May 2024 English

ESMAP's Sustainable Cooling Program and SEforAll prepared this report to stimulatediscussion and action among stakeholders on the urgent need for significantly moreattention to the nexus of access to sustainable cooling …

Figure 3.1: Use Segmentation for Off-Grid Solar Refrigeration Systems 21 Figure 3.2: Vaccine Cold Chain Structure meet long unmet needs for space cooling and refrigeration in off-grid rural areas. These advances put (CaaS) A cooling service provider delivers refrigeration services in return for a fee as per the customer’s factors (see Table ES.2). An estimated 7,400 refrigeration units were sold by GOGLA affiliates in 2022 Small-scale commercial off-grid agricultural refrigeration (e.g., cold rooms and chillers) holds great


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