Securities

A security is a tradable financial asset. The term commonly refers to any form of financial instrument, but its legal definition varies by jurisdiction. In some countries and languages people commonly use the term "security" to refer to any form of financial instrument, even though the underlying legal and regulatory regime may not have such a broad definition. In some jurisdictions the term specifically excludes financial instruments other than equities and fixed-income instruments. In some jurisdictions it includes some instruments that are close to equities and fixed income, e.g., equity warrants. Securities may be represented by a certificate or, more …

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Publications

WRI · 10 December 2021 English

This paper aims to connect unmet nature-based solutions (NBS) investment needs in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) with new financial resources. It highlights five strategies that leverage private capital …

process established to sell govern- ment debt securities (Ministerie van Financiën 2021; CBI 2019a).


ADL · 6 December 2021 English

Close-up of Twitter’s timeline feature, showing the August 2020 launch of its Transparency Center Twitter’s timeline feature (the way to see past transparency reports) is more navigable, yet the link …

consistent financial reports, as mandated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Additionally, they provide


NBER · 24 November 2021

procurement, oil and gas leases, online auctions, internet advertising, electricity, financial securities, spectrum, as well as used goods. It discusses the idiosyncrasies of each applied setting and the


Cato Institute · 16 November 2021

undoing one of the longest standing precedents in federal securities caselaw and subjecting direct listings to liability under Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933 without requiring a claimant to “trace” registration statement, Section 11 holds issuers strictly liable for misstatements or omissions in a securities offering’s registration statement. But to prevent this demanding liability standard from chilling the 2–1 panel’s erroneous, and economically dangerous, decision. Before any damage can be done to securities markets, it is imperative that the Ninth Circuit align itself with Judge Friendly’s interpretation


Cato Institute · 15 November 2021

undoing one of the longest standing precedents in federal securities caselaw and subjecting direct listings to liability under Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933 without requiring a claimant to “trace” registration statement, Section 11 holds issuers strictly liable for misstatements or omissions in a securities offering’s registration statement. But to prevent this demanding liability standard from chilling the 2–1 panel’s erroneous, and economically dangerous, decision. Before any damage can be done to securities markets, it is imperative that the Ninth Circuit align itself with Judge Friendly’s interpretation


World Bank Group · 11 November 2021 English

percent of the banking sector assets were debt securities, compared to 45.4 percent for loans. 13 The


World Bank Group · 11 November 2021 English

Government's ability to transfer emission reduction securities, formalized by a legal text The GOM must demonstrate


IMF · 11 November 2021 English

Strong fiscal institutions have contributed to Chile’s macroeconomic stability, and recent reform initiatives have focused on enhancing these institutions and fiscal transparency. This report assesses fiscal transparency practices in Chile …

of GDP) and the increase in the stock of debt securities when recorded at market value relative to face 44.1 0.6 44.7 16.6 25.5 30.5 -0.4 116.9 Debt Securities - market value 38.3 0.2 38.5 0.1 38.6 10.9 4 32.5 0.8 33.3 12.1 ... 14.9 ... ... o/w: Debt Securities - face value 32.5 ... 32.5 0.0 32.5 11.1 ... local governments in the IGFE. 14. Debt securities are mainly registered at face value 8 rather market value 9 or nominal value (stock of debt securities increases by 5.7 percent of GDP when recorded


World Bank Group · 10 November 2021 English

Ghana has been a rising growth star and a beacon of hope in West Africa. Strong economic growth over the past two decades led to a near doubling of GDP …

a higher share of their assets to government securities. Private enterprises — mostly large firms — receive from poor corporate governance. Similarly, the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) revoked the licenses


AEI · 10 November 2021 English

FHFA’s proposal of September 15, 2021 would significantly alter its Enterprise Regulatory Capital Framework of the giant housing-related government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs)—Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac less than seven months after …

greatly overstate ultimate losses. Prices of securities that exposed holders to some of the GSEs’ credit


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