Terms of Trade

The terms of trade (TOT) is the relative price of exports in terms of imports and is defined as the ratio of export prices to import prices. It can be interpreted as the amount of import goods an economy can purchase per unit of export goods. An improvement of a nation's terms of trade benefits that country in the sense that it can buy more imports for any given level of exports. The terms of trade may be influenced by the exchange rate because a rise in the value of a country's currency lowers the domestic prices of its imports …

Wikipedia Share

Publications

19 May 2022 English

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this policy brief do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of …

similar downward trend can be observed in adverse terms-of-trade could lead to significant Georgia, Indonesia by sluggish economic activity. reserves amid terms-of-trade shock and Countries with large fuel subsidies


KNOMAD · 13 May 2022 English

nations, including Tonga and Samoa in the “top ten,” and Fiji, Kiribati, and the Marshall Islands—where exposure to natural disasters 1.4 The Outlook for 2022: Risks and the vagaries of …

diaspora investments even will see substantial terms of trade gains—but more important as sources of external social unrest—as, earlier protests in losses in terms of trade for net importers the region were triggered Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan, Adverse movements in terms of trade will also and Lebanon. At the same time, the remittance outlook for South Asia in 2023 in terms of trade, which is increasing deficits is highly uncertain


IPC · 12 May 2022 English

Kabul The prevalence of people in IPC Phase 4 facing Emergency levels of acute food Wardak Hirat Ghor Nangarhar insecurity rose from 10% to 16% in the current period of …

Reference: food assistance is imperative people. The terms of trade of casual labor against wheat prices have fallen


IPC · 12 May 2022 English

The severity of the situation is only partially mitigated by the unprecedented surge of humanitarian assistance that covers 38% of the total population of Afghanistan in the current period. [...] …

contraction of the purchasing power of people. The terms of trade of casual labor against wheat economy, increasing affordability of food is indicated through falling terms of trade of casual labour against wheat prices: compared June 2021 these decreased by 35%; while the terms of trade for livestock have decreased by 26%. To further


Grattan Institute · 11 May 2022 English

This can be difficult to The mandate of Australia’s independent Reserve Bank, as set out in address with monetary policy, because interest rates primarily affect the Reserve Bank Act (1959), …

that this began to trend upwards before the terms of trade, and that it was a. Commonwealth of Australia


NIESR · 9 May 2022 English

J We forecast consumer price index inflation to average 7.8 per cent in 2022 and to peak at 8.3 per cent in the fourth quarter, remaining above the 3 per …

they have to fall in response to the external terms of trade shock, even harder to bear, as the impact falls of the United Kingdom, this has acted as a terms of trade shock and as such would be expected to lead quarter: its highest level since 1980. J Given the terms of trade shock, we expect real incomes to decline. Our of the United Kingdom, this has acted as a terms of trade shock and so would be expected to lead to a Economic Outlook – Spring 2022 Forecast GDP The terms of trade shock resulting from higher energy prices would


5 May 2022 English

The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United …

economies, regardless of where they stand in terms of trade facilitation or single window/paperless trade


5 May 2022 English

The National Certification Services Centre, which is coordinated by the Ministry of Digital Development and Transport of the Republic of Azerbaijan,9 the Asan Certification Services Centre operated by the State …

economies, regardless of where they stand in terms of trade facilitation or single window/paperless trade


Heritage Foundation · 28 April 2022 English

and confidence increase, the United States needs to find additional ways to continue to deter Chinese adventur- The next step in the relationship should be ism” and that an FTA …

methods. For further analysis, welfare and terms of trade should be analyzed but were not within the


AREU · 28 April 2022 English

The fourth section briefly outlines the method and sources used in this study of the CARD-F project before discussing, in section 5, the aims and objectives of the project drawing …

prices between Faizabad and Khash and the uneven terms of trade on which the trader benefits both ways from


View more