Unicode is an information technology standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems. The standard is maintained by the Unicode Consortium, and as of March 2020, it has a total of 143,859 characters, with Unicode 13.0 (these characters consist of 143,696 graphic characters and 163 format characters) covering 154 modern and historic scripts, as well as multiple symbol sets and emoji. The character repertoire of the Unicode Standard is synchronized with ISO/IEC 10646, each being code-for-code identical with the other. The Unicode Standard consists of a set of code charts …



Small Arms Survey · 19 October 2023 English

This report is the fruit of a collaborative work that began in October 2021 between Arquebus Solutions Europe (Arquebus), the Centre for the Study of Democracy (CSD) (project coordinator), ECORYS …

Drugs and Crime URN Unique reference number UTF8 Unicode Transformation–8-bit XML Extensible markup language essential components (see Figure 4). XWaffe is a Unicode Transformation–8-bit (UTF8) format code, rather

CEIP: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace · 7 September 2023 English

Case studies from Myanmar and Ethiopia show how online violence can exacerbate conflict and genocide—and what social media companies can do in response.In 2018, the United Nations (UN) reported that …

online communities where many posters did not use Unicode, the encoding scheme used in most countries to content posted using Zawgyi is not readable to Unicode users and vice versa. Because Facebook’s Burmese-to-English tool for content moderation relied on the Burmese Unicode script and not Zawgyi, it often provided serious converters to support the country’s transition to Unicode, and built out manual and automated hate speech

World Bank Group · 5 September 2023 English

The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020 caused a severe disruption to the global education sector, shuttering schools, and other education institutions for long periods of time. While …

software in the Bengali language. The lack of Unicode text is also an obstacle to making paper and digital

IMF: International Monetary Fund · 7 August 2023 English

A technical assistance mission was conducted from February 26 to March 2, 2023, to assist the Bangladesh Bank with the ongoing development of a Residential Property Price Index (RPPI). The …

Reference number in sanctioned plan (Bangla Unicode/English) Not to be used in analysis 41 Type

CBGA: Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability · 10 July 2023 English

into rulers and the ruled, governance becomes a The later Mughal period in India and the British reality along with collection of revenues by the period saw the foundation of …

machine-readable files, or for Karnataka are two Unicode data parsing. Hence, for enhancing interoperability ‘Open’ use ‘Open’ fonts in their while fonts and ‘Unicode’ characters. This would ensure consistent budget

ICRIER: Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations · 5 July 2023 English

CDN: Content Distribution Network is a system of distributed servers (network) that deliver pages and other Web content to a user, based on the geographic locations of the user, the …

Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) and Unicode provide for consistent encoding, representation

World Bank Group · 30 June 2023 English

This Policy Note on Scaling up Participatory Budgeting (PB) has been prepared to accompany the Scaling Up Citizen Engagement (CE) portfolio review and stocktaking report (P177997) completed last FY. It …

NOTES REMARKS Text Message (160 English /65 Unicode characters per message) No guaranteed minimum

CIGI: Centre for International Governance Innovation · 22 June 2023 English

The first one, the Outer Space Treaty While there are analogies to cyber sovereignty (OST), arose contemporaneously with and in tensions on Earth and also the Law of the Sea …

Interchange, institution or system of institutions Unicode, near-field communication, Pretty Good responsible

ADB: Asian Development Bank · 15 June 2023 English

Aiming to connect key financial infrastructures in ASEAN+3 markets, this publication examines the uses of distributed ledger technology (DLT) and blockchain (BC) for settling cross-border delivery-versus-payment (DVP) securities transactions.

org/wiki/JSON. UTF-8 refers to “Unicode Transformation Format, 8-bit” under the Unicode Standard, the most common

World Bank Group · 18 May 2023 English

This paper sets out to measure and analyze corruption risks, patterns of favoritism, and state capture in public procurement in Bulgaria. It draws on two main types of data: large-scale …

the name field of all the weird symbols, non-unicode characters and phrases that do not refer to the

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