Utilitarianism is a family of normative ethical theories that prescribe actions that maximize happiness and well-being for all affected individuals. Although different varieties of utilitarianism admit different characterizations, the basic idea behind all of them is to in some sense maximize utility, which is often defined in terms of well-being or related concepts. For instance, Jeremy Bentham, the founder of utilitarianism, described utility as "that property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness...[or] to prevent the happening of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness to the party whose interest is considered." Utilitarianism is a …



INET Oxford: Institute for New Economic Thinking · 20 November 2023 English

The bidirectional arrows indicate that the variability in the scale of our challenges needs to be matched by the flexibility in the scale of our capacities in order for recoupling …

on liberty and classical liberalism, gain on utilitarianism and environmental sustainability on eco-stewardship

Science Based Targets initiative · 16 November 2023 English

Overview of this study This document is the final report of the project “A 1.5˚C pathway for the global buildings sector’s embodied emissions” showcasing the methodology used for the development …

consumers. Utilitarian The global carbon budget is Utilitarianism: Products and allocated to products and services

VSE: Victim Support Europe · 7 November 2023 English

4 Council of Europe Recommendation Rec(2006)8 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on assistance to crime victims, Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 14 June 2006 at …

what is just and how justice can be achieved: utilitarianism, egalitarianism, and social contract, to name

APB: Akademie für Politische Bildung · 29 September 2023 German

O R G A N I S A T O R I S C H E V E R K E H R S V E R B I N …

Prof. Dr. Nico Scarano 18.30 Uhr Abendessen „Utilitarianism“, das zuerst 1861 erschien, bietet zum Facultas-Erwerb

NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research · 22 September 2023 English

Happiness data—survey respondents’ self-reported well-being (SWB)—have become increasingly common in economics research, with recent calls to use them in policymaking. Researchers have used SWB data in novel ways, for example …

that traces back to Jeremy Bentham’s (1789) utilitarianism and classical economics. According to this

World Bank Group · 17 September 2023 English

'The Commons' explores the many forms of development being championed by Africa's residents, users, and citizens. In addition to managing property and shared tangible and intangible resources collectively, communities are …

ownership, standardization and formalism, and utilitarianism and commodification. It is essential to examine

Eurofound · 12 September 2023 English

Automation and digitisation technologies, including artificial intelligence, are rapidly evolving and becoming increasingly powerful and pervasive. The full range of their effects in the workplace is yet to be seen. …

the moral quality of actions to outcomes. Utilitarianism – one of the most prominent forms of consequentialism any other alternative (Shaw, 2017). However, utilitarianism faces both a measurement problem (how to measure

RAND Corporation · 28 August 2023 English

Explores the near-term policy implications of a transformed, AI-enabled future and the questions surrounding it.

deliberative dialogue approach: Neither hedonism nor utilitarianism provides an appropriate foundation for considering

FGV: Fundação Getulio Vargas · 25 August 2023 Portuguese

8 Prefácio nas a principal área de pesquisa do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito da Regulação da FGV Direito Rio, mas também a tradição ínsita à Escola de Direito da …

o Direito proposta, ver: POSNER, Richard A. Utilitarianism, Economics, and Legal Theory. The Journal of Janeiro, p. 1-87, dez. 1998. POSNER, Richard A. Utilitarianism, Economics, and Legal Theory. The Journal of

The Asia Foundation · 23 August 2023 Indonesian

Secara umum, pendekatan keadilan restoratif dapat dipahami sebagai sebuah pendekatan hukum pidana yang memberdayakan semua pihak untuk menghasilkan intervensi yang tepat sebagai respons adanya suatu tindak pidana, dengan penekanan pada …

Tujuan penjeraan dalam keadilan ini merupakan interpretasi langsung dari teori utilitarianisme dalam sistem pidana.

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