Vegetation

Vegetation is an assemblage of plant species and the ground cover they provide. It is a general term, without specific reference to particular taxa, life forms, structure, spatial extent, or any other specific botanical or geographic characteristics. It is broader than the term flora which refers to species composition. Perhaps the closest synonym is plant community, but vegetation can, and often does, refer to a wider range of spatial scales than that term does, including scales as large as the global. Primeval redwood forests, coastal mangrove stands, sphagnum bogs, desert soil crusts, roadside weed patches, wheat fields, cultivated gardens and …

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Prevention and Control of COVID-19 through WASH and Health initiatives in Secondary …

ADB · 27 April 2021 English

Environmental Assessment and Review Frameworks (EARF) outline procedures for the preparation of environmental assessment documents for a project. This document dated April 2021 is provided for the ADB project 55060-001 …

components as far as practicable. If there is vegetation or landscaping features forming part of the the community • clearance of existing land, vegetation, market/vendors, or building • cut and fill the community • clearance of existing land, vegetation, or building • pre-construction investigations


Climate Variability in Central Europe during the Last 2500 Years Reconstructed from …

PIK · 27 April 2021 English

The Late Holocene was characterized by several centennial-scale climate oscillations including the Roman Warm Period, the Dark Ages Cold Period, the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age. The …

70 cm of brown and loamy soil as well as a C3 vegetation [12,29–31]. In total, six stalagmites (Bu1, Bu2 70 cm of brown and loamy soil as well as a C3 vegetation [12,29–31]. In total, six stal-agmites (Bu1, cm-thick Cambisol (Terra fusca) and a patchy vegetation of meadow and deciduous forest [27]. Two (NG01 70 cm of brown and loamy soil as well as a C3 vegetation [12,29–31]. In total, six stalagmites (Bu1, Bu2 cm-thick Cambisol (Terra fusca) and a patchy vegetation of meadow and deciduous forest [27]. Two (NG01


Multiscale Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Events in the Gomati River Basin, India

PIK · 27 April 2021 English

Accelerating climate change is causing considerable changes in extreme events, leading to immense socioeconomic loss of life and property. In this study, we investigate the characteristics of extreme climate events …

 by Vegetation Restoration Strategies on the Loess  Plateau  of  China:  Effect  of  Vegetation  Restoration 


Mine Closure : A Toolbox for Governments

World Bank Group · 23 April 2021 English

The objective of this toolbox is to provide policy makers, governmental administrators, and lawmakers with the information needed to develop a broad governance framework that reduces the risks of an …

pre‑exploration or pre-mining vegetation or a the encouragement of techniques which minimize


Mine Closure : A Toolbox for Governments

World Bank Group · 23 April 2021 English

The objective of this toolbox is to provide policy makers, governmental administrators, and lawmakers with the information needed to develop a broad governance framework that reduces the risks of an …

establishment of the pre‑exploration or pre‑mining vegetation or a comparable vegetative cover (NAC 519A.080)


Irrigated Agriculture Improvement Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2020)

ADB · 22 April 2021 English

Environmental monitoring reports describe the environmental issues or mitigation measures of a project. This document dated April 2021 is provided for the ADB project 51159-002 in Cambodia.

plan, identification of sensitive receptors and vegetation to be retained. ▪ The main contractor for  Flora and fauna ▪ Clearing of vegetation along canal embankments and levees will be minimized


Tailings Storage Facilities

World Bank Group · 22 April 2021 English

Tailings storage facilities (TSFs) are engineered structures that comprise the confining embankments (commonly referred to as tailings dams) and associated works and are designed to contain tailings (residue following extraction …

commences. It includes, for example, removal of vegetation and overburden, and construction of starter environ- mental impact and killing wildlife and vegetation. An alarm system was installed at the dam;


Tailings Storage Facilities

World Bank Group · 22 April 2021 English

Tailings storage facilities (TSFs) are engineered structures that comprise the confining embankments (commonly referred to as tailings dams) and associated works and are designed to contain tailings (residue following extraction …

commences. It includes, for example, removal of vegetation and overburden, and construction of starter environ- mental impact and killing wildlife and vegetation. An alarm system was installed at the dam; however


Portfolio Risk Assessment Using Risk Index

World Bank Group · 22 April 2021 English

This Technical Note provides detailed information on the Brazilian risk classification system using the RI approach and the Indian RI system for the initial risk screening of a large portfolio …

abutments that may lead to vegetation growth, and structures with


Policy with Stochastic Hysteresis

NBER · 22 April 2021 English

The paper develops a general methodology for analyzing policies with path-dependency (hysteresis) in stochastic models with forward looking optimizing agents. Our main application is a macro-climate model with a path-dependent …

for example, hysteresis that is present in (1) vegetation change; (2) changes in the ice sheets; (3) ocean hysteresis behavior. These are the models of (1) vegetation change; (2) changes in the ice sheets; (3) ocean terrestrial (such as long lived soil carbon sinks and vegetation) and marine variables (such as the sea-level


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