A virus is a submicroscopic infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses infect all types of life forms, from animals and plants to microorganisms, including bacteria and archaea. Since Dmitri Ivanovsky's 1892 article describing a non-bacterial pathogen infecting tobacco plants and the discovery of the tobacco mosaic virus by Martinus Beijerinck in 1898, more than 6,000 virus species have been described in detail of the millions of types of viruses in the environment. Viruses are found in almost every ecosystem on Earth and are the most numerous type of biological entity. The study of …

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Weekly Bulletin on Outbreak and other Emergencies: Week 18: 26 April - …

WHO · 4 May 2021 English

haemorrhagic fever and Rift Valley fever (RVF) viruses by PCR. He tested positive for RVF. Zambia COVID-19

Vaccine Maitri is a pragmatic response to the pandemic

ORF · 29 April 2021 English

From supplying hydroxychloroquine to more than 100 nations to providing 64 million doses of vaccines to more than 80 nations, India’s imprint on global health has been substantive. And as …

There Are No Winners in Afghanistan

ORF · 28 April 2021 English

The U.S. has all the watches, but we have all the time.” This quote, sometimes attributed to a captured Taliban fighter, is among the handful of now-famous anecdotes produced by …

Dedicating a National Memorial to World War I

Cato Institute · 27 April 2021 English

Woodrow Wilson usually ranks high in the pantheon of American presidents. Yet he was a virulent racist and sharply attacked civil liberties, jailing famed socialist leader Eugene Debs for opposing …

the same time, authoritarian and totalitarian viruses were released, most importantly communism, fascism

COVID-19 weekly epidemiological update, 27 April 2021

WHO · 27 April 2021 English

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in India in October 2020, but relatively fewer viruses matching this sub-lineage have been reported to 1056/nejmc2103740. 21. Tada, T. et al. Neutralization of viruses with European, South African, and United States than natural infection but recognition of mutant viruses is up to 10-fold reduced. bioRxiv 2021.03.13.435222

US COVID aid to India: What lessons can we learn from this …

ORF · 27 April 2021 English

The issue of US medical assistance to India came to a dramatic end with everyone from President Biden downward issuing statements pledging immediate help to India which has been more …

Biden administration’s response will haunt US-India ties

ORF · 26 April 2021 English

The world is facing an unprecedented crisis. When other parts were facing an acute health challenge, the so-called Hindu nationalist government in India stepped up to the plate. New Delhi …

The pushback against China

ORF · 24 April 2021 English

Till a few months back, China’s rise was taken as a given. It still is in many ways. China is a rising economic and political power and it’s pointless to …

Insider Threats and Nuclear Security During a Pandemic

ORF · 23 April 2021 English

Nuclear security is a challenge in the best of circumstances. Those challenges may increase many times over amid the COVID-19 pandemic because government may not fully grasp the consequences and …

Weekly Epidemiological Record, 2021, vol. 96, 16 [‎full issue]‎

WHO · 23 April 2021 French

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and new pathogens, including novel respiratory viruses. Platforms, systems and partnerships have been estab- lished to ensure early detection of novel viruses, includ- ing syndromic surveillance, rapid molecular countries) that monitors circulating influenza viruses to inform the composition of annual influenza detect and issue alerts about emerging influenza viruses with pandemic potential. Over 1 year into the public health interventions. A key aspect of all viruses, including SARS-CoV-2, is that they evolve naturally

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