Vocabulary

A vocabulary, also known as a wordstock or word-stock, is a set of familiar words within a person's language. A vocabulary, usually developed with age, serves as a useful and fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge. Acquiring an extensive vocabulary is one of the largest challenges in learning a second language.

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Publications

RAND Corporation · 17 June 2024 English

This paper provides public comment on two National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) draft publications on technical approaches for promoting transparency in digital content and developing global artificial intelligence …

there are ambiguities related to the correct vocabulary to use to classify countries (Themrise Khan


World Bank Group · 11 June 2024 English

Value Date Value Date Value Month/Year PDO 3: Vocabulary score for children ages 43 to 59 months enrolled 31-May-2024 28.99 31-May-2024 31.50 Dec/2028 Vocabulary score for girls ages 43 to 59 months enrolled Only For Official Use Only For Official Use Only Vocabulary score for boys ages 43 to 59 months enrolled


EUROPOL: European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation · 10 June 2024 English

The first report on encryption created by the EU Innovation Hub for Internal Security presents an analysis on the topic of encryption from a legislative, technical and developmental viewpoint. It …

2382-37:2022, that establishes the harmonised biometric vocabulary and includes the definitions of all biometric-related


RAND Corporation · 10 June 2024 English

This report presents the strengths and limitations of cost-effectiveness analysis and related metrics to inform the U.S. Army about whether, when, and how to usefully employ them for capability investment …

the economic analysis. For our use of technical vocabulary in this discussion and in later chapters, see


RSIS: S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies · 10 June 2024 English

practitioners and policymakers in developing Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism To put the emerging threats of the far-right (PCVE) interventions to address the misuse extremism and technologies in perspective, the …

Studies (ECPS), https://www.populismstudies.org/Vocabulary/far-or-extreme-right/. 5 Jason Wilson, “Revealed: -2023-te-sat https://www.populismstudies.org/Vocabulary/far-or-extreme-right/ https://www.theguardian


IMF: International Monetary Fund · 7 June 2024 English

Learning from the past is critical for shaping the future, especially when it comes to economic policymaking. Building upon the current methods in the application of Reinforcement Learning (RL) to …

like byte-pair encoding (BPE). This reduces the vocabulary size needed. Training large language models


DIIS: Dansk Institut for Internationale Studier · 7 June 2024 English

New working paper series From Afghanistan and Yemen and from Mali to Somalia, checkpoints are central to dynamics of armed conflict, funding insurgents, driving violence and shaping governance by various …

reflecting not just demands for payment but also the vocabulary, performance and DIIS WP SERIES ROADBLOCKS


UNICEF: United Nations Children's Fund · 6 June 2024 English

Brighter futures through education for health and well-being

important is that learners are equipped with a clear vocabulary to be able to identify and describe different different body parts. When using common vocabulary, it is important to avoid terms that can perpetuate discrimination


NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research · 6 June 2024 English

We study how bounded rationality coevolves with the business cycle. We introduce a business-cycle model in which firms face a cognitive cost of making precise decisions. Theoretically, we characterize equilibrium …

of macroeconomics from firms’ standard financial vocabulary (e.g., “credit” and “costs”). To address this considerations of keeping the relevant macroeconomic vocabulary mostly non-technical (e.g., “unemployment” instead


RAND Corporation · 30 May 2024 English

As frontier artificial intelligence (AI) models — that is, models that match or exceed the capabilities of the most advanced models at the time of their development — become more …

resources and capabilities, offering a common vocabulary for subsequent discussions in the report. These


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