Volatile Organic Compounds

Volatile organic compound (VOC) are organic chemicals that have a high vapour pressure at room temperature. High vapor pressure correlates with a low boiling point, which relates to the number of the sample's molecules in the surrounding air, a trait known as volatility.VOC's are responsible for the odor, scents, and perfumes as well as pollutants. VOCs play an important role in communication between animals and plants, e.g. attractants for pollinators, protection from predation, and even inter-plant interactions. Some VOCs are dangerous to human health or cause harm to the environment. Anthropogenic VOCs are regulated by law, especially indoors, where concentrations …

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Partial Credit Guarantee Facility for Uzbekistan Solar PPP Program: Initial Environmental Examination

ADB · 19 April 2021 English

Initial Environmental Examinations (IEE) describe the environmental condition of a project, including potential impact, formulation of mitigation measures, and preparation of institutional requirements for environmental monitoring. This document dated April …

Nitrogen Dioxide Sulphur Dioxide Volatile Organic Compounds μg/m3 Microgram per cubic meter kV


Indoor Wood Burning: Policies to Reduce Emissions and Improve Public Health

ELI · 1 April 2021 English

Millions of households across the U.S. use wood stoves, fireplaces, and other wood-burning devices as a primary or secondary source of heat. Residential wood burning produces a multitude of air …

including CO [carbon monoxide] and VOC [volatile organic compounds].”22 The agency estimated that the rule notably black carbon, methane, and volatile organic compounds, a component of ground-level ozone.41


Carbon Policy and the Emissions Implications of Electric Vehicles

NBER · 25 March 2021 English

Will a carbon tax improve the welfare consequences of policies to promote electric vehicles? This paper examines when a complementarity could exist between carbon pricing and high electric vehicle adoption. …

micrometers (PM2.5), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). For the electricity sector,


Secondary Green Cities Development Project: Hue City Subproject - Package HU-CW02 Environmental …

ADB · 21 March 2021 English

Environmental management plans (EMP) propose environmental mitigation measures and recommend mechanisms to monitor and ensure compliance with such measures and environmental regulations. This document dated March 2021 is provided for …

components like dust, SO2, NOx, CO, volatile organic compounds (VOC) etc. According to the World Health


Urban Services Improvement Investment Program - Tranche 3: Construction of Abasha Water …

ADB · 16 March 2021 English

Initial Environmental Examinations (IEE) describe the environmental condition of a project, including potential impact, formulation of mitigation measures, and preparation of institutional requirements for environmental monitoring. This document dated March …

undertaken to avoid fugitive emissions of volatile organic compounds through use of fuel nozzles and pumps


China’s War on Pollution: Evidence from the First Five Years

NBER · 11 February 2021 English

The decade from 2010 to 2019 marked a significant turning point in China’s history of environmental regulation and pollution. This article describes the recent trends in air and water quality, …

photochemical reactions between NOx and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) via a nonlinear and non-monotonic


EU policy on air quality: Implementation of selected EU legislation

EPRS · 18 January 2021 English

Air pollution is a cross-border problem with direct negative effects on health and the environment. It also has indirect but tangible adverse effects on economies and societies. With the aim …

legislation 3 non‑methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), including benzene (C6H6), and atmosphere), O₃, NO₂ and several oxidised volatile organic compounds (VOCs). NOx, NH₃, SO₂, and VOCs are key Health Environment PM Non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) Emitted from anthropogenic 1999 on the limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds due to the use of organic solvents in


Air pollution and COVID-19

EPRS · 12 January 2021 English

This study is about the effects of air pollution on health, notably COVID-19. The COVID-19 pandemic continues to wreak havoc in many areas of the world. The infection spreads through …

2016/2284 NH3 Ammonia NMVOC Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compounds NO,NO2,NOx Nitrogen Monoxide, Nitrogen US, USA United States of America VOC Volatile Organic Compounds WHO World Health Organisation WHO paints all contain compounds (e.g. VOCs, Volatile Organic Compounds) which will gradually be emitted into


Asia Pacific Vaccine Access Facility for Responsive COVID-19 Vaccines for Recovery: Initial …

ADB · 12 January 2021 English

Initial Environmental Examinations (IEE) describe the environmental condition of a project, including potential impact, formulation of mitigation measures, and preparation of institutional requirements for environmental monitoring. This document dated January …

environmental issues such as air emissions (volatile organic compounds, acid gases, and particulates), odors


Food fraud – Intention, detection and management

FAO · 2021 English

Food fraud occurs when a food company intentionally deceive its customer about the quality and contents of the foods they are purchasing. While food fraud is often motivated by economic …

isotopes and trace elements, and profiling volatile organic compounds. Stable isotope analysis combined with


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